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Strategies for the use of open access institutional repositories at universities in Ghana

Kwame Kodua-Ntim (Department of Information Science, University of South Africa, University of Cape Coast Ghana, Pretoria, South Africa)
Madeleine C. Fombad (Department of Information Science, University of South Africa, Pretoria, South Africa)

Library Management

ISSN: 0143-5124

Article publication date: 24 June 2020

Issue publication date: 10 August 2020

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388

Abstract

Purpose

This article suggests strategies for the usage of open access institutional repositories (OAIR) at university libraries in Ghana.

Design/methodology/approach

Pragmatism paradigm, mixed methods research approach and convergent parallel mixed method design was adopted. Simple random sampling, stratified random sampling, purposive sampling techniques and the sample size converter were the sampling procedures and methods employed. The questionnaire and interview guide were used as research instruments to gather relevant data for the study. Descriptive statistics and inferential statistics were used as statistical tools to analyze quantitative and thematic analysis was used to analyze qualitative data.

Findings

Factors such as software, staffing, advocacy, marketing and policies are crucial in the development of OAIR strategy at the University of Ghana.

Research limitations/implications

Information from the National Accreditations Board (NAB) of Ghana (2018) indicates that Ghana has 92 Higher Educational Institutions (HEI). These are categorized into nine national public universities, eight technical universities, ten professional institutions and 65 private universities and university colleges. This article focuses only on five university libraries with the understanding that they were the only universities on the Directory of Open Access Repositories, authoritative international registries of repositories that provide data on the number of registered Institutional Repositories throughout the world.

Practical implications

It is envisaged that the findings will benefit policymakers, academic staff, university library management and librarians. Academic staff will recognize the need to use OAIR. OAIR managers and administrators will be able to determine the factors affecting the usage of OAIR in university libraries and will be able to design strategies on how OAIR can be sustained and managed.

Originality/value

The article suggests strategies for the usage of OAIR that are instrumental for university libraries in Ghana. The strategies consist of an Institutional Guideline that requires adequate marketing, policies, software and staffing. The research also provided an understanding of OAIR through the lenses of technology acceptance model (TAM) an extension of the Theory of Reasoned Action (TRA) to explain the usage of OAIR in university libraries in Ghana.

Keywords

Citation

Kodua-Ntim, K. and Fombad, M.C. (2020), "Strategies for the use of open access institutional repositories at universities in Ghana", Library Management, Vol. 41 No. 6/7, pp. 515-530. https://doi.org/10.1108/LM-02-2020-0023

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

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