The application of small group and individual flipped model with WhatsApp to foster EFL learners’ cohesive writing skill

Yudhi Arifani (Universitas Muhammadiyah Gresik, Gresik, Indonesia)

Library Hi Tech News

ISSN: 0741-9058

Publication date: 3 June 2019

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this study is to investigate the ability of EFL learners’ cohesion after the implementation of small group flipped instruction model through WhatsApp with small group writing activities compared with individual flipped instruction model through WhatsApp with individual writing activities.

Design/methodology/approach

A quasi-experimental study with a nonequivalent control group and a pre-test/post-test design was implemented to find any significant difference between the two combinations. The small group was treated using small group flipped instruction model through WhatsApp with small group writing activities, and an individual class was exposed to individual group flipped instruction model through WhatsApp with individual writing activities as well. The instrument of this study was a writing test.

Findings

The findings revealed that the mean score from the small group flipped instruction model through WhatsApp with small group writing activities at 66.17 was higher than the mean score individual flipped model via WhatsApp with individual writing activities at50.19 with a level of significance < 0.05. He meant that the small group flipped classroom instruction model through WhatsApp with small group writing activities performed better than teaching cohesion with individual flipped instruction through WhatsApp with individual writing activities. The results suggested small group flipped teaching–learning cohesion with WhatsApp in writing served as one of the alternatives flipped group discussion to improve learners’ cohesion in writing.

Originality/value

Flipped classroom innovation has attracted English language teaching researchers’ attention to scrutinize its effectiveness. This inquiry, therefore, elaborated the effect off-lipping individual and small group classroom instruction with WhatsApp on EFL learners’ cohesion as part of EFL writing skills.

Keywords

Citation

Arifani, Y. (2019), "The application of small group and individual flipped model with WhatsApp to foster EFL learners’ cohesive writing skill", Library Hi Tech News, Vol. 36 No. 4, pp. 10-12. https://doi.org/10.1108/LHTN-12-2018-0075

Publisher

:

Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2019, Emerald Publishing Limited

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