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Postnatal self-care experience of Truku women’s traditions and mainstream acculturation and reconstruction in Taiwan: A qualitative study

Hsiao-Ching Huang (Institute of Medical Sciences, Tzu Chi University, Hualien, Taiwan)
Tsai-Fu Tsai (Department of Applied Foreign Languages, ChienKuo Technology University, Changhua City, Taiwan)
Ya-Ching Wang (Taipei Medical University, Taipei, Taiwan)
Yi-Maun Subeq (Department of Nursing, National Taichung University of Science and Technology, Taichung, Taiwan)

Library Hi Tech

ISSN: 0737-8831

Article publication date: 26 June 2019

Issue publication date: 30 November 2021




The preservation and disappearance of indigenous people’s traditional knowledge system, under mainstream social culture immersion and fusion, have presented a dynamic and changing acculturation interactive relationship impacting Truku women’s health concepts. Thus, the purpose of this paper is to explore how the traditional Gaya knowledge system and mainstream culture confinement care model affect the beliefs and behaviours of postpartum self-care amongst contemporary Truku women.


An ethnographic semi-structured method, based on cultural care factors and the Leininger Sunrise Model, was conducted to interview 17 Truku women with childbearning experience in eastern Taiwan. As data were collected, UDIST Vivo 11.0 software was applied for analysis.


Amongst the three knowledge system categories, namely, traditional, mainstream and reconstruction, the traditional knowledge system, including Gaya norms, provides the overall cultural value of a Truku family. While taboo is inherited through the experience of the elders, the mainstream knowledge system favours the Han. However, the reconstruction knowledge system highlights the “functional” response strategies based on Truku women’s comfort and conveniences.


Limited relevant studies have focused on the health and postpartum self-care knowledge of ethnic Truku women in Taiwan. The results are expected to provide clinical medical personnel with a reference and strengthen cultural sensitivity and the ability to implement the cultural congruency care of postpartum indigenous women in Taiwan.



Huang, H.-C., Tsai, T.-F., Wang, Y.-C. and Subeq, Y.-M. (2021), "Postnatal self-care experience of Truku women’s traditions and mainstream acculturation and reconstruction in Taiwan: A qualitative study", Library Hi Tech, Vol. 39 No. 4, pp. 1187-1199.



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