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The shift in research trends related to artificial intelligence in library repositories during the coronavirus pandemic

Prasetyo Adi Nugroho (UNAIR Library, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia)
Nove E. Variant Anna (Faculty of Vocational Studies, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia)
Noraini Ismail (Faculty of Ocean Engineering Technology and Informatics, Universiti Malaysia Terengganu, Terengganu, Malaysia)

Library Hi Tech

ISSN: 0737-8831

Article publication date: 17 April 2023




This study sought to analyze the correlation between artificial intelligence (AI) and libraries and examine whether there were any shifts in research trends related to these two topics during the coronavirus pandemic.


The study gathered secondary data from the Scopus website using the keywords “AI,” “library” and “repository,” from 1993 to 2022. Data were re-analyzed using the bibliometric software VOSviewer to examine the trending country's keyword relations and appearance and Biblioshiny to study the publication metadata.


Index keywords, such as “human,” “deep learning,” “machine learning,” “surveys” and “open-source software,” became popular during 2020, being closely related to digital libraries. Additionally, the annual scientific production of papers increased significantly in 2021. Words related to data mining also had the most significant growth from 2019 to 2022 because of the importance of data mining for library services during the pandemic.

Practical implications

This study provides insight for librarians for the implementation of AI to support repositories during the pandemic. Librarians can learn how to maximize the AI-based repository services in academic libraries during the pandemic. Furthermore, academic libraries can create policies for repository services using AI.

Social implications

This study can lead researchers, academicians and practitioners in conducting research on AI in library repositories.


As research on AI and digital repositories remains limited, the study identifies themes and highlights the knowledge gap existing in the field.



Nugroho, P.A., Anna, N.E.V. and Ismail, N. (2023), "The shift in research trends related to artificial intelligence in library repositories during the coronavirus pandemic", Library Hi Tech, Vol. ahead-of-print No. ahead-of-print.



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