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Management and leadership competence in hospitals: a systematic literature review

Vuokko Pihlainen (Central Finland Health Care District, Jyväskylä, Finland)
Tuula Kivinen (Department of Health and Social Management, Central Finland Health Care District, Leppävesi, Finland)
Johanna Lammintakanen (Department of Health and Social Management, University of Eastern Finland, Kuopio, Finland)

Leadership in Health Services

ISSN: 1751-1879

Article publication date: 1 February 2016

11793

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this study is to describe the characteristics of management and leadership competence of health-care leaders and managers, especially in the hospital environment. Health-care leaders and managers in this study were both nursing and physician managers. Competence was assessed by evaluating the knowledge, skills, attitudes and abilities that enable management and leadership tasks.

Design/methodology/approach

A systematic literature review was performed to find articles that identify and describe the characteristics of management and leadership competence. Searches of electronic databases were conducted using set criteria for article selection. Altogether, 13 papers underwent an inductive content analysis.

Findings

The characteristics of management and leadership competence were categorized into the following groups: health-care-context-related, operational and general.

Research limitations/implications

One limitation of the study is that only 13 articles were found in the literature regarding the characteristics of management and leadership competence. However, the search terms were relevant, and the search process was endorsed by an information specialist. The study findings imply the need to shift away from the individual approach to leadership and management competence. Management and leadership need to be assessed more frequently from a holistic perspective, and not merely on the basis of position in the organizational hierarchy or of profession in health care.

Originality/value

The authors’ evaluation of the characteristics of management and leadership competence without a concentrated profession-based approach is original.

Keywords

Citation

Pihlainen, V., Kivinen, T. and Lammintakanen, J. (2016), "Management and leadership competence in hospitals: a systematic literature review", Leadership in Health Services, Vol. 29 No. 1, pp. 95-110. https://doi.org/10.1108/LHS-11-2014-0072

Publisher

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Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2016, Emerald Group Publishing Limited

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