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The evaluation of health care leadership development programmes: a scoping review of reviews

Emily Burn (Health Services Management Centre, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, UK)
Justin Waring (Health Services Management Centre, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, UK)

Leadership in Health Services

ISSN: 1751-1879

Article publication date: 8 December 2022

61

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to report a scoping review of reviews which investigated HLDP evaluations to determine: how the conceptualisation of leadership development programmes (HLDPs), and despite growing calls for robust evaluations of their pedagogic design, delivery and effectiveness, there are concerns regarding the quality of data associated with their evaluation. This scoping review of reviews investigated the reporting of HLDP evaluations to determine: how the conceptualisation of leadership underpinning HLDPs influence their evaluation; how the pedagogical approaches within HLDPs influence their evaluation; and the evaluation designs and measures used to assess HLDPs.

Design/methodology/approach

The scoping review was conducted on reviews of HLDPs. Searches were performed on four databases and on the grey literature. Data were extracted and a narrative synthesis was developed.

Findings

Thirty-one papers were included in the scoping review of reviews. A great deal of heterogeneity in HLDPs was identified. Evaluations of HLDPs were affected by poor data quality, and there were limitations in the evidence about “what works”. Leadership was conceptualised in different ways across HLDPs, and consequently, there was a lack of consistency as to what is being evaluated and the methods used to assess HLDPs.

Originality/value

This review of reviews summarises the current evidence on the evaluation of HLDPs. Evaluations of HLDPs need to explicitly account for the complexity of health systems, how this complexity impacts on the development and articulation of leadership practice, and how the underlying conceptualisation of leadership and the associated theory of change articulate a set of assumptions about how HLDPs support leaders to affect change within complex systems.

Keywords

Acknowledgements

The authors wish to thank Rachel Posaner for guidance on the search strategy and Katherine Perryman for ongoing feedback as the review developed.

Citation

Burn, E. and Waring, J. (2022), "The evaluation of health care leadership development programmes: a scoping review of reviews", Leadership in Health Services, Vol. ahead-of-print No. ahead-of-print. https://doi.org/10.1108/LHS-05-2022-0056

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2022, Emerald Publishing Limited

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