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A systematic review of approaches to assessing cybersecurity awareness

Noor Hayani Abd Rahim (Faculty of Computer Science and Information Technology, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia AND Kuliyyah of Information Communication Technology, Department of Information System, International Islamic University of Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia)
Suraya Hamid (Faculty of Computer Science and Information Technology, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia)
Miss Laiha Mat Kiah (Faculty of Computer Science and Information Technology, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia)
Shahaboddin Shamshirband (Faculty of Computer Science and Information Technology, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia)
Steven Furnell (Centre for Security, Communications and Network Research, Plymouth University, Plymouth, United Kingdom)

Kybernetes

ISSN: 0368-492X

Article publication date: 7 April 2015

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to survey, explore and inform researchers about the previous methodologies applied, target audience and coverage of previous assessment of cybersecurity awareness by capturing, summarizing, synthesizing and critically comment on it. It is also conducted to identify the gaps in the cybersecurity awareness assessment research which warrants the future work.

Design/methodology/approach

The authors used a systematic literature review technique to search the relevant online databases by using pre-defined keywords. The authors limited the search to retrieve only English language academic articles published from 2005 to 2014. Relevant information was extracted from the retrieved articles, and the ensuing discussion centres on providing the answers to the research questions.

Findings

From the online searches, 23 studies that matched the search criteria were retrieved, and the information extracted from each study includes the authors, publication year, assessment method used, target audiences, coverage of assessment and assessment goals.

Originality/value

The review of the retrieved articles indicates that no previous research was conducted in the assessment of the cybersecurity awareness using a programme evaluation technique. It was also found that few studies focused on youngsters and on the issue of safeguarding personal information.

Keywords

Acknowledgements

This work was funded by the Ministry of Higher Education and the International Islamic University of Malaysia.

Citation

Rahim, N.H.A., Hamid, S., Mat Kiah, M.L., Shamshirband, S. and Furnell, S. (2015), "A systematic review of approaches to assessing cybersecurity awareness", Kybernetes, Vol. 44 No. 4, pp. 606-622. https://doi.org/10.1108/K-12-2014-0283

Publisher

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Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2015, Emerald Group Publishing Limited