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Haze pollution, new-type urbanization and regional total factor productivity growth: based on a panel dataset involving all 31 provinces within the territory of China

Ruihan Zhang (School of Economics and Management, Harbin Engineering University, Harbin, China)
Bing Sun (School of Economics and Management, Harbin Engineering University, Harbin, China)
Mingyao Liu (The 802nd Research Institute of China Aerospace Science and Technology Corporation, Shanghai, China)
Jian Hou (School of Economics and Management, Beijing Forestry University, Beijing, China)

Kybernetes

ISSN: 0368-492X

Article publication date: 10 June 2020

Issue publication date: 3 May 2021

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to analyze the spatiotemporal heterogeneity of regional total factor productivity (TFP) growth and explores how haze pollution and different levels of new-type urbanization affect China’s economic growth.

Design/methodology/approach

This paper constructs an index for evaluating the TFP growth of China’s 31 provinces by integrating slack-based measures and the Global Malmquist (GM) productivity index. Meanwhile, the panel threshold estimation method is used to examine the complex relationships among haze pollution, new-type urbanization and TFP growth.

Findings

The results reflect conspicuous spatiotemporal heterogeneity in TFP growth in China. Interestingly, the influence of haze pollution on TFP growth is limited by the “critical mass” of new-type urbanization in China. When new-type urbanization does not cross the first threshold, haze pollution has a negative but non-significant effect on TFP growth. When new-type urbanization crosses the first threshold but not the second, haze pollution has a significant positive impact on TFP growth. When new-type urbanization crosses the second threshold, haze pollution significantly and positively affects TFP growth with the strongest positive effect.

Originality/value

This study innovates by combining haze pollution and TFP growth and proposing an integrated framework from the perspective of new-type urbanization, providing insight into how different degrees of new-type urbanization impact the mechanism between haze pollution and TFP growth. Using panel data in China and emphasizing green development, a sustainable economy and new-type urbanization, this study contributes to the current studies on haze pollution and economic development based on developed countries.

Keywords

Acknowledgements

This work was funded by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 71774035), the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 71372020), and the China Scholarship Council (CSC).

Citation

Zhang, R., Sun, B., Liu, M. and Hou, J. (2021), "Haze pollution, new-type urbanization and regional total factor productivity growth: based on a panel dataset involving all 31 provinces within the territory of China", Kybernetes, Vol. 50 No. 5, pp. 1357-1378. https://doi.org/10.1108/K-10-2019-0686

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

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