To read the full version of this content please select one of the options below:

Drivers of performance in a complex environment: Holonic approach and Italian business network contracts

Gianpaolo Basile (Department of Tourism Science, Universitas Mercatorum, Rome, Italy)
M. Simona Andreano (Universitas Mercatorum, Rome, Italy)
Laura Martiniello (Department of Tourism Science, Universitas Mercatorum, Rome, Italy)
Andrea Mazzitelli (Universitas Mercatorum, Rome, Italy)

Kybernetes

ISSN: 0368-492X

Article publication date: 15 June 2019

Abstract

Purpose

Paper aim is to analyse and consider the business network contract (BNC) as a model of voluntary holarchy in which the holons are isomorphically linked between them by means managerial chooses and laws to reach a communal and individual survival condition.

Design/methodology/approach

The Italian SME manufacturing firms signing a BNC are seen as holonic elements in an adaptive system. Data drawn from the Italian business register are analyzed to understand the driving factors of the firms’ adaptation and survival, by using descriptive, causality and analysis of variance (ANOVA) statistical techniques.

Findings

The main findings of the paper support the holonic approach by demonstrating that BNC are alliances based on strategic relations able to create synergies and increase performance. Empirical results suggest that “internal and external efficiency,” given by knowledge sharing practices and firms’ geographical proximity will positively influence BN firms’ productivity, although without resorting to investments (tangible or intangible).

Practical implications

BNC is an instrument able to introduce common rules and finalized isomorphic behaviors making firms acting as a holon with positive effects on performance.

Originality/value

This work enriches the existing literature by joining the systemic approach with the network theories and providing evidence of the suitability of the “holon” construct as the basis for a multi-level framework for the study of organizational networking.

Keywords

Citation

Basile, G., Andreano, M.S., Martiniello, L. and Mazzitelli, A. (2019), "Drivers of performance in a complex environment: Holonic approach and Italian business network contracts", Kybernetes, Vol. ahead-of-print No. ahead-of-print. https://doi.org/10.1108/K-07-2018-0410

Publisher

:

Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2019, Emerald Publishing Limited