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Measurement of shock effect following change of one-child policy based on grey forecasting approach

Naiming Xie (College of Economics and Management, Nanjing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Nanjing, China)
Ruizhi Wang (College of Economics and Management, Nanjing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Nanjing, China)
Nanlei Chen (College of Economics and Management, Nanjing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Nanjing, China)

Kybernetes

ISSN: 0368-492X

Article publication date: 19 February 2018

Issue publication date: 23 February 2018

449

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to analyze general development trend of China’s population and to forecast China’s total population under the change of China’s family planning policy so as to measure shock disturbance effects on China’s population development.

Design/methodology/approach

China has been the most populous country for hundreds of years. And this state will be sustained in the forthcoming decade. Obviously, China is confronted with greater pressure on controlling total scale of population than any other country. Meanwhile, controlling population will be beneficial for not only China but also the whole world. This paper first analyzes general development trend of China’s population total amount, sex ratio and aging ratio. The mechanism for measurement of the impact effect of a policy shock disturbance is proposed. Linear regression model, exponential curve model and grey Verhulst model are adopted to test accuracy of simulation of China’s total population. Then considering the policy shock disturbance on population, discrete grey model, DGM (1, 1), and grey Verhulst model were adopted to measure how China’s one-child policy affected its total population between 1978 and 2015. And similarly, the grey Verhulst model and scenario analysis of economic developing level were further used to forecast the effect of adjustment from China’s one-child policy to two-child policy.

Findings

Results show that China has made an outstanding contribution toward controlling population; it was estimated that China prevented nearly 470 million births since the late 1970s to 2015. However, according to the forecast, with the adjustment of the one-child policy, the birth rate will be a little higher, China’s total population was estimated to reach 1,485.59 million in 2025. Although the scale of population will keep increasing, but it is tolerable for China and sex ratio and trend of aging will be relieved obviously.

Practical implications

The approach constructed in the paper can be used to measure the effect of population change under the policy shock disturbance. It can be used for other policy effect measurement problems under shock events’ disturbance.

Originality/value

The paper succeeded in studying the mechanism for the measurement of the post-impact effect of a policy and the effect of changes in China’s population following the revision of the one-child policy. The mechanism is useful for solving system forecasting problems and can contribute toward improving the grey decision-making models.

Keywords

Acknowledgements

This work was supported by National Natural Science Foundation of China under Grant 71671090, Aeronautical Science Foundation of China under Grant 2016ZG52068, MOE (Ministry of Education in China) Liberal Arts and Social Sciences Foundation under Grant 15YJCZH189 and Qinglan Project for excellent youth or middle-aged academic leaders in Jiangsu Province (China).

Citation

Xie, N., Wang, R. and Chen, N. (2018), "Measurement of shock effect following change of one-child policy based on grey forecasting approach", Kybernetes, Vol. 47 No. 3, pp. 559-586. https://doi.org/10.1108/K-05-2017-0159

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2018, Emerald Publishing Limited

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