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Tracking progress of African Peer Review Mechanism (APRM) using fuzzy comprehensive evaluation method

Anthony Afful-Dadzie (University of Ghana Business School (UGBS), University of Ghana, Accra, Ghana)
Eric Afful-Dadzie (Faculty of Applied Informatics, Tomas Bata University, Zlin, Czech Republic)
Stephen Nabareseh (Faculty of Management & Economics, Tomas Bata University, Zlin, Czech Republic)
Zuzana Komínková Oplatková (Faculty of Applied Informatics, Tomas Bata University, Zlin, Czech Republic)


ISSN: 0368-492X

Article publication date: 26 August 2014




The purpose of this paper is to propose a new assessment methodology for the African Peer Review Mechanism (APRM) using fuzzy comprehensive evaluation method (FCEM) and the Delphi technique. The proposed approach by its design simplifies the review processes and also quantifies the outcome of the assessment result for easier interpretation and benchmarking among member countries. The proposed hybrid method demonstrates how the subjective APRM thematic areas and their objectives can be efficiently tracked country by country while addressing the key identified challenges.


Using a numerical example, a demonstration of how the APRM assessment could be carried is shown using the FCEM and the Delphi method. The APRM's own thematic areas are used as the evaluation factors and the weights are assigned using Delphi technique. A novel remark set is constructed to linguistically describe the performance of a country against each or all of the thematic areas. Then in line with the maximum membership degree principle, the position of the maximum number would correspond to its respective remark element to indicate the level of performance.


The result shows a hybrid method of FCEM and Delphi used to determine whether a member country has “achieved”, “on track”, “very likely to be achieved”, “possible if some changes are made” or “off-track” on the four focus areas of the APRM. The method provides a well-organized way of tracking progress of member countries. It is also an ideal method of tracking progress of individual thematic areas and objectives. Moreover, the simplicity of the proposed method, the preciseness of the final result it generates and the clear interpretation of the result makes it a stronger alternative to the current approach for assessing member countries.

Practical implications

The APRM is a respected body with the backing of the heads of state in Africa. As most African countries become conscious of the pressure to meet international standards as far as governance performance is concerned, this proposed assessment methodology if adopted would go a long way in improving performance evaluation on the continent.


The proposed methodology is unique in its simplicity and its ability to evaluate any of the APRM thematic areas independent of the others. This means an overall performance can be tracked as well as that of individual evaluation factors.



This work was supported by Internal Grant Agency (IGA) of Tomas Bata University IGA/FAI/2014/037, IGA/FaME/2014/007 and by the European Regional Development Fund under the project CEBIA-Tech No. CZ.1.05/2.1.00/03.0089.


Afful-Dadzie, A., Afful-Dadzie, E., Nabareseh, S. and Komínková Oplatková, Z. (2014), "Tracking progress of African Peer Review Mechanism (APRM) using fuzzy comprehensive evaluation method", Kybernetes, Vol. 43 No. 8, pp. 1193-1208.



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