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Optimization of purchasing business process in Moroccan public universities based on COBIT and artificial intelligence techniques

Zakaria Sakyoud (Department of Computer Science, Faculty of Sciences, Chouaib Doukkali University, El Jadida, Morocco)
Abdessadek Aaroud (Department of Computer Science, Faculty of Sciences, Chouaib Doukkali University, El Jadida, Morocco)
Khalid Akodadi (Department of Computer Science, Faculty of Sciences, Chouaib Doukkali University, El Jadida, Morocco)

Kybernetes

ISSN: 0368-492X

Article publication date: 20 February 2023

Issue publication date: 5 April 2024

237

Abstract

Purpose

The main goal of this research work is the optimization of the purchasing business process in the Moroccan public sector in terms of transparency and budgetary optimization. The authors have worked on the public university as an implementation field.

Design/methodology/approach

The design of the research work followed the design science research (DSR) methodology for information systems. DSR is a research paradigm wherein a designer answers questions relevant to human problems through the creation of innovative artifacts, thereby contributing new knowledge to the body of scientific evidence. The authors have adopted a techno-functional approach. The technical part consists of the development of an intelligent recommendation system that supports the choice of optimal information technology (IT) equipment for decision-makers. This intelligent recommendation system relies on a set of functional and business concepts, namely the Moroccan normative laws and Control Objectives for Information and Related Technology's (COBIT) guidelines in information system governance.

Findings

The modeling of business processes in public universities is established using business process model and notation (BPMN) in accordance with official regulations. The set of BPMN models constitute a powerful repository not only for business process execution but also for further optimization. Governance generally aims to reduce budgetary wastes, and the authors' recommendation system demonstrates a technical and methodological approach enabling this feature. Implementation of artificial intelligence techniques can bring great value in terms of transparency and fluidity in purchasing business process execution.

Research limitations/implications

Business limitations: First, the proposed system was modeled to handle one type products, which are computer-related equipment. Hence, the authors intend to extend the model to other types of products in future works. Conversely, the system proposes optimal purchasing order and assumes that decision makers will rely on this optimal purchasing order to choose between offers. In fact, as a perspective, the authors plan to work on a complete automation of the workflow to also include vendor selection and offer validation. Technical limitations: Natural language processing (NLP) is a widely used sentiment analysis (SA) technique that enabled the authors to validate the proposed system. Even working on samples of datasets, the authors noticed NLP dependency on huge computing power. The authors intend to experiment with learning and knowledge-based SA and assess the' computing power consumption and accuracy of the analysis compared to NLP. Another technical limitation is related to the web scraping technique; in fact, the users' reviews are crucial for the authors' system. To guarantee timeliness and reliable reviews, the system has to look automatically in websites, which confront the authors with the limitations of the web scraping like the permanent changing of website structure and scraping restrictions.

Practical implications

The modeling of business processes in public universities is established using BPMN in accordance with official regulations. The set of BPMN models constitute a powerful repository not only for business process execution but also for further optimization. Governance generally aims to reduce budgetary wastes, and the authors' recommendation system demonstrates a technical and methodological approach enabling this feature.

Originality/value

The adopted techno-functional approach enabled the authors to bring information system governance from a highly abstract level to a practical implementation where the theoretical best practices and guidelines are transformed to a tangible application.

Keywords

Citation

Sakyoud, Z., Aaroud, A. and Akodadi, K. (2024), "Optimization of purchasing business process in Moroccan public universities based on COBIT and artificial intelligence techniques", Kybernetes, Vol. 53 No. 5, pp. 1607-1635. https://doi.org/10.1108/K-02-2022-0167

Publisher

:

Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2023, Emerald Publishing Limited

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