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Examining the factors influencing adoption of over the top (OTT) services among Indian consumers

Som Sekhar Bhattacharyya (Department of Strategic Management, National Institute of Industrial Engineering, Mumbai, India)
Shaileshwar Goswami (Department of Industrial Management, National Institute of Industrial Engineering, Mumbai, India)
Raunak Mehta (Department of Industrial Management, National Institute of Industrial Engineering, Mumbai, India)
Bishwajit Nayak (Narsee Monjee Institute of Management Studies, Mumbai, India)

Journal of Science and Technology Policy Management

ISSN: 2053-4620

Article publication date: 27 August 2021

Issue publication date: 3 August 2022

1603

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to identify and predict the key factors that influenced the usage intention of over the top (OTT) services by consumers. This was done by applying the modified unified theory of acceptance and use of technology 2 (UTAUT2) model.

Design/methodology/approach

An online survey questionnaire assessed the proposed motivational factors for the adoption of OTT services. Confirmatory factor analysis and structural equation modelling were conducted on collected data (nā€‰=ā€‰598) to demonstrate the reliability and validity of the measurement and structural model.

Findings

The model consisted of nine factors, namely, value expectancy (VE), ease of effort (EE), social influence (SI), favourable infrastructure conditions (FIC), hedonistic motivation for usage (HMU), favourable economic position (FEP), content quality (CQ), habitual behaviour (HB) and security conditions (SC). SC, VE, SI, HB and EE were the antecedent variables. FEP, CQ and FIC were the mediating variables and HMU was the dependant variable. SI and CQ of OTT services were positively associated with HMU of OTT services, FEP had no significant effects on HMU. The results also supported the explanatory strength and predictability of UTAUT2 as a model. It further extended UTAUT2 boundaries and paved the way for an extended UTAUT2 model to be developed.

Originality/value

The promising role of OTT services in the entertainment and media industry had gained consumer attention, however, limited empirical investigations had been conducted on explicating how user attitude and usage intention were shaped regarding the use of OTT services in the Indian context. This study served as one of the first attempts to empirically examine the adoption process, with implications for the HMU regarding OTT services. This was one of the first studies to extend the UTAUT2 theoretical model.

Keywords

Citation

Bhattacharyya, S.S., Goswami, S., Mehta, R. and Nayak, B. (2022), "Examining the factors influencing adoption of over the top (OTT) services among Indian consumers", Journal of Science and Technology Policy Management, Vol. 13 No. 3, pp. 652-682. https://doi.org/10.1108/JSTPM-09-2020-0135

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2021, Emerald Publishing Limited

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