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Science and technology diplomacy: a framework at the national level

Mohammad Mahdi Zolfagharzadeh (University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran)
Alireza Aslani (University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran)
Ali Asghar Sadabadi (University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran)
Mahdi Sanaei (University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran)
Fahimeh Lesan Toosi (University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran)
Mahdi Hajari (University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran)

Journal of Science and Technology Policy Management

ISSN: 2053-4620

Article publication date: 3 July 2017

Abstract

Purpose

Science and technology diplomacy (STD) is an emerging area in the field of public policy and technology management. The purpose of this study is to overview the concept of STD based on the two approaches “Science and Technology” and “Diplomacy” to explain its necessity for Non-Aligned Movement member countries.

Design/methodology/approach

To design the work, principal domains and sub-domains of STD are identified based on the thematic analysis. By using MAXQDA software, the initial codes are analyzed and validated for the case study. Then, six areas and 29 sub-areas are identified based on the fuzzy Delphi and the framework is designed.

Findings

STD is defined from six scopes, including political, economics, law and legal issues, social sciences, philosophy and science and technology. Each scope has its own mechanism that is discussed in the article.

Originality/value

This work is one of the first in the literature of science and technology policy making.

Keywords

Citation

Zolfagharzadeh, M.M., Aslani, A., Sadabadi, A.A., Sanaei, M., Lesan Toosi, F. and Hajari, M. (2017), "Science and technology diplomacy: a framework at the national level", Journal of Science and Technology Policy Management, Vol. 8 No. 2, pp. 98-128. https://doi.org/10.1108/JSTPM-09-2016-0023

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2017, Emerald Publishing Limited