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Fintech services and financial inclusion: a systematic literature review of developing nations

Shweta Jha (Department of Commerce, Hemvati Nandan Bahuguna Garhwal University, Srinagar, India)
Ramesh Chandra Dangwal (Department of Commerce, Hemvati Nandan Bahuguna Garhwal University, Srinagar, India)

Journal of Science and Technology Policy Management

ISSN: 2053-4620

Article publication date: 16 April 2024

276

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to conduct a systematic literature review on the fintech services and financial inclusion of the developing nations that particularly focuses on lower middle-income group nations (LMIGN) and upper middle-income group nations (UMIGN) to highlight the research areas that have not received attention and present opportunities for future research.

Design/methodology/approach

This paper adopts a systematic approach to examine 65 research articles published from 2016 to 2021, adhering to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines.

Findings

The study identifies research gaps in two key themes: backward and outward linkages. In backward linkages, the literature on UMIGN should pay attention to the behavioural patterns associated with lending, investment and market provision-related fintech services. Further research is needed to understand the relationship between fintech services on the usage and quality dimension of financial inclusion in both LMIGN and UMIGN. For outward linkages, future research work should explore the role of fintech and financial inclusion in the development of LMIGN. This study provides valuable insights and guides future research directions by comprehensively mapping the existing studies.

Research limitations/implications

This study does not use quantitative tools, such as meta and bibliometric analysis, to validate the findings.

Originality/value

This research paper offers new perspectives that introduce a novel framework for analysing literature on fintech, financial inclusion and its impact on the overall development of UMIGN and LMIGN.

Keywords

Acknowledgements

Funding: The authors receive no financial support for the research, authorship and/or publication of this article.

Declaration of conflicting interests: The author declares no potential conflicting interest with respect to the research and/or publication of this article.

Citation

Jha, S. and Dangwal, R.C. (2024), "Fintech services and financial inclusion: a systematic literature review of developing nations", Journal of Science and Technology Policy Management, Vol. ahead-of-print No. ahead-of-print. https://doi.org/10.1108/JSTPM-03-2023-0034

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2024, Emerald Publishing Limited

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