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Is foreign technology acquisition to complement or substitute for internal technology development? A case of manufacturing enterprises in Vietnam

Ngoc Minh Nguyen (School of Trade and International Economics, National Economics University, Hanoi, Vietnam)
Huong Thu Dang (School of Trade and International Economics, National Economics University, Hanoi, Vietnam)
Minh Khac Nguyen (Faculty of Economics and Management, Thang Long University, Hanoi, Vietnam)
Mai Lan Mai PHung (The Faculty of Economics and Management, Truong Dai Hoc Thuy Loi, Ha Noi, Vietnam)

Journal of Science and Technology Policy Management

ISSN: 2053-4620

Article publication date: 26 May 2021

81

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to examine whether foreign technology acquisition is complementary to internal technology development in the context of a developing country.

Design/methodology/approach

The selection model developed by Heckman (1979) was applied with the balanced panel data of manufacturing enterprises from the Annual Enterprise and Technology Surveys from 2012 to 2016 conducted by the Vietnamese General Statistics Organization.

Findings

The results indicate that foreign technology acquisition and internal technology development are complementary innovation options. Particularly, the number of patents granted for manufacturing enterprises positively affects the probability that enterprises acquire foreign technologies. This effect is stronger in cases of high-tech industries than in cases of low-tech industries.

Research limitations/implications

Regarding the relationship between internal technology development and foreign technology acquisition, the findings suggest that adoption of foreign technology acquisition and priority in budget allocation for foreign technology acquisition are different in nature and that budget allocation is a more complex issue and may depend on other factors.

Practical implications

For developing countries, governments should adopt policies supporting domestic enterprises in acquiring technologies from advanced countries that could complement the locally developed technologies. These supports should focus on the high-tech or high-innovation rate industries.

Originality/value

In the context of a developing economy, the complementary effect of internal technology development and foreign technology acquisition is stronger in cases of the high-tech industries than in cases of the low-tech industries.

Keywords

Citation

Nguyen, N.M., Dang, H.T., Nguyen, M.K. and PHung, M.L.M. (2021), "Is foreign technology acquisition to complement or substitute for internal technology development? A case of manufacturing enterprises in Vietnam", Journal of Science and Technology Policy Management, Vol. ahead-of-print No. ahead-of-print. https://doi.org/10.1108/JSTPM-01-2020-0006

Publisher

:

Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2021, Emerald Publishing Limited

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