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CEO general work experience and FDI-based internationalization

Le Xu (Department of Management and Entrepreneurship, Frank G. Zarb School of Business, Hofstra University, Hempstead, New York, USA)

Journal of Strategy and Management

ISSN: 1755-425X

Article publication date: 12 December 2022




The purpose of this study is to study the impact of the chief executive officer (CEO) general work experience on the level of firm internationalization in the form of foreign direct investment.


The author collects and analyzes data on publicly traded US firms in the manufacturing sector from 1993 to 2012.


The author finds that CEOs with more general work experience tend to engage in a higher degree of foreign direct investment (FDI)-based internationalization. This relationship will be weakened by CEO stock ownership and enhanced by CEO Ivy League education.


This study enriches the understanding of the important role top managers play in internationalization decisions. The study also contributes to the literature on managerial risk-taking by exploring the outcomes of managerial risk-taking, which have been less studied than the antecedents.



Xu, L. (2022), "CEO general work experience and FDI-based internationalization", Journal of Strategy and Management, Vol. ahead-of-print No. ahead-of-print.



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