The purpose of this paper is to link the fields of research on strategic decision (SD) making and integrated reporting (IR) and advances knowledge of the concept of integrated thinking by describing how financial information and non-financial environmental, social and governance (ESG) information are used in different phases of the strategic decision-making process (SDMP).
In total, 15 senior executives from twelve different industries were asked about the importance of different types of information within SDMPs. The data were analyzed by means of content analysis.
The authors derive a four-phase model and explicate the utilization of financial information and non-financial ESG information within each phase. The findings show that both types of information affect SDMPs, but the importance of each type differs among the phases.
This study offers practitioners a yardstick against which to compare how they use different types of information throughout the SDMP.
This paper provides a conceptual model of integrated thinking in SD making by connecting two separate fields of research. This connection will permit deeper study of the field of information and its implications for SD making. The present investigation shows that IR can promote integrated thinking in companies, as the broader range of information at hand allows companies to form a holistic picture of internal management questions and incorporate information that has not been previously prepared or associated with existing information.
Esch, M., Schulze, M. and Wald, A. (2019), "The dynamics of financial information and non-financial environmental, social and governance information in the strategic decision-making process", Journal of Strategy and Management, Vol. 12 No. 3, pp. 314-329. https://doi.org/10.1108/JSMA-05-2018-0043
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