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Building a thematic framework of cybersecurity: a systematic literature review approach

Tze Yin Khaw (Graduate School of Business, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Minden, Malaysia)
Azlan Amran (Graduate School of Business, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Minden, Malaysia)
Ai Ping Teoh (Graduate School of Business, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Minden, Malaysia)

Journal of Systems and Information Technology

ISSN: 1328-7265

Article publication date: 10 April 2024

Issue publication date: 7 May 2024

125

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to explore the factors affecting cybersecurity implementation in organizations in various countries and develop a cybersecurity framework to improve cybersecurity practices within organizations for cybersecurity risk management through a systematic literature review (SLR) approach.

Design/methodology/approach

This SLR adhered to RepOrting Standards for Systematics Evidence Syntheses (ROSES) publication standards and used various research approaches. The study’s article selection process involved using Scopus, one of the most important scientific databases, to review articles published between 2014 and 2023.

Findings

This review identified the four main themes: individual factors, organizational factors, technological factors and governmental role. In addition, nine subthemes that relate to these primary topics were established.

Originality/value

This research sheds light on the multifaceted nature of cybersecurity by exploring factors influencing implementation and developing an improvement framework, offering valuable insights for researchers to advance theoretical developments, assisting industry practitioners in tailoring cybersecurity strategies to their needs and providing policymakers with a basis for creating more effective cybersecurity regulations and standards.

Keywords

Acknowledgements

This work was supported by WEBE DIGITAL SDN. BHD.

Citation

Khaw, T.Y., Amran, A. and Teoh, A.P. (2024), "Building a thematic framework of cybersecurity: a systematic literature review approach", Journal of Systems and Information Technology, Vol. 26 No. 2, pp. 234-256. https://doi.org/10.1108/JSIT-07-2023-0132

Publisher

:

Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2024, Emerald Publishing Limited

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