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Applicability of resource‐based environmental studies in Green IT

Rabiah Eladwiah Abdul Rahim (Department of Information Systems, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Johor Bahru, Malaysia)
Azizah Abdul Rahman (Department of Information Systems, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Johor Bahru, Malaysia)

Journal of Systems and Information Technology

ISSN: 1328-7265

Article publication date: 9 August 2013




The aim of this paper is to review the firm's resources, as identified by the researcher in previous environmental studies, from the theoretical lens of a resource‐based view (RBV). This will help to identify the firm's resources for the future Green IT studies.


The objective was first achieved by reviewing the environmental resources for the firm's performance. The approach uses literature reviews of environmental studies having related keywords in literature databases. Using content analysis approach, the authors selected ten empirical environmental studies and developed the typology of the firm's environmental resources. The frequently highlighted constructs are then discussed in the context of Green IT.


This review shows the importance of continuous innovation, stakeholder integration, shared visions and early adoption which were frequently highlighted in RBV studies. The literature studies concerning Green IT also point out the importance of these resources for Green IT performance. Drawing upon this, it is also believed that these firm resources identified from environmental literature are also applicable in Green IT context.

Research limitations/implications

Some limitations of this study have been encountered and are as follows: First, the search was performed within a limited time frame. Second, different search terms might have yielded more results. Third, the classification of the firm's resources might be different from the point of view of others. Nonetheless, the authors believe this review can be used as a guide for future integrative resource‐based Green IT studies. Future confirmatory studies could empirically validate these relationships. The role of mediating and moderating variables that could enhance Green IT practice can also be further investigated. This could contribute to the knowledge concerning the application of RBV in the Green IT context.


The paper helps to shed light on a firm's resources for environmental capability coming from different industries, which contributes towards an understanding of these theories from wider perspectives, including environmental sustainability, in the IT context.



Eladwiah Abdul Rahim, R. and Abdul Rahman, A. (2013), "Applicability of resource‐based environmental studies in Green IT", Journal of Systems and Information Technology, Vol. 15 No. 3, pp. 269-286.



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Copyright © 2013, Emerald Group Publishing Limited

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