Emissivity of hot-dip galvanized surfaces in future development of EN 1993-1-2
Journal of Structural Fire Engineering
Article publication date: 25 January 2022
Issue publication date: 22 September 2022
This study aims to propose a new design value, based on experimental and numerical studies, for surface emissivity of zinc hot-dip galvanized members exposed to fire.
The paper sums up experiments, used specimens and also shows results. Four experiments were performed in a horizontal furnace and one test in a fire compartment of the experimental building. Several tests were carried out for determination of the surface emissivity of galvanized steel structures in fire. The experimental and numerical studies were used for preparation of new generation of the structural steel fire standard Eurocode EN 1993-1-2:2025.
Hot-dip galvanizing is one of the most widely used processes for corrosion protection of steel products. The new design value for surface emissivity of zinc hot-dip galvanized members exposed to fire is determined using experimental results as 0.35. The value is proposed for next generation of EN 1993-1-2:2025. If hot-dip galvanization additionally can contribute beneficially to the fire resistance of unprotected steel members, it would be a huge economic advantage.
Experimental studies in the past years have indicated the influence of hot-dip galvanizing on the heating of steel members. This study suggests 50% reduction of the surface emissivity of a carbon steel member. This amendment will be incorporated in future versions of Eurocodes 3 and 4 and has already been implemented in some fire design tools for steel members in order to consider the beneficial contribution of hot-dip galvanized for fire-resistance requirements of less than 60 min.
This research has been supported by the Czech Technical University in Prague grant SGS19/150/OHK1/3T/11. The support is gratefully acknowledged. The tests carried out by CTICM–Galvazinc–EGGA received the valuable support of Arcelor Mittal by provision of the steel sections and members of Galvazinc by preparation and galvanizing of the samples.
Der, B., Raszková, S., Wald, F., Bihina, G., Gaigl, C., Rus, V. and Malaska, M. (2022), "Emissivity of hot-dip galvanized surfaces in future development of EN 1993-1-2", Journal of Structural Fire Engineering, Vol. 13 No. 4, pp. 535-557. https://doi.org/10.1108/JSFE-11-2021-0070
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