Mechanical behaviour of fire-exposed fibre-reinforced sustainable concrete

Ashok Kumar Sahani (Department of Civil Engineering, National Institute of Technology, Durgapur, India)
Amiya K. Samanta (Department of Civil Engineering, National Institute of Technology, Durgapur, India)
Dilip K. Singharoy (Department of Civil Engineering, National Institute of Technology, Durgapur, India)

Journal of Structural Fire Engineering

ISSN: 2040-2317

Publication date: 9 December 2019



Present study focuses on scope of developing sustainable heat resistant concrete by adding steel fibre (Sf) and polypropylene fibre (PPf) along with partially replacement of ordinary portland cement (OPC) and natural fine aggregate with fly ash (FA) and granular blast furnace slag (GBFS). Replacement percentages of FA and GBFS were 40% and 50%, whereas Sf and PPf for fibre-added mixes were 1% by volume of concrete and 0.25% by weight of cement, respectively.


An experimental work had been carried out to make comparison between control mix (CM), fibre-added sustainable mix (SCMF) and fibre-added control mix (CMF) with reference to weight loss, mechanical strength (compressive, split and flexure) after exposed to room temperature (27°C) to 1000°C at the interval of 200°C for 4 h of heat curing followed by furnace cooling and then natural cooling. Furthermore, microstructural analysis was executed at 27°C, 400°C and 800°C, respectively.


Colour change and hair line cracks were started to appear at 600°C. Fibre-added control mix and sustainable mix did not exhibit any significant cracks as compared to control mix even at 1000°C. Major losses were occurred at temperature higher than 600°C, loss in compressive strength was about 70% in control mix, while 60% in fibre-added mixes. SCMF exhibited the highest retention of strength with respect to all cases of mechanical strength.

Research limitations/implications

Present study is based on the slow heating condition followed by longer duration of heat curing at target temperature.

Practical implications

Present work can be helpful for the design engineer for assessing the fire deterioration of concrete structure existing near the fire establishment such as furnace and ovens. Building fire (high temperature for short duration) might be the further scope of work.


Concept of incorporating pozzolanic binder and calcareous fine aggregate was adopted to take the advantage pozzolanacity and fire resistivity. To the best of author’s knowledge, there is a scope for fill the research gap in this area.



Sahani, A., Samanta, A. and Singharoy, D. (2019), "Mechanical behaviour of fire-exposed fibre-reinforced sustainable concrete", Journal of Structural Fire Engineering, Vol. 10 No. 4, pp. 482-503.

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