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Effect of temperature on stress–strain behaviour of pre-damaged confined concrete

Virendra Kumar (Department of Civil Engineering, National Institute of Technology Jamshedpur, Jamshedpur, India)

Journal of Structural Fire Engineering

ISSN: 2040-2317

Article publication date: 16 August 2019

Issue publication date: 26 February 2020



This paper aims to study the residual test results under uni-axial compression of tie confined pre-damaged normal strength concrete short columns subjected to elevated temperatures.


The test variables included temperature of exposure, spacing of transverse confining reinforcement and pre-damage level. An experimental program was designed and carried out involving testing of hoop confined concrete cylindrical specimens exposed to elevated temperatures ranging from room temperature to 900 °C.


The test results indicate that the residual strength, strain corresponding to the peak stress and the post-peak strains of confined concrete are not affected significantly up to an exposure temperature of 300 °C. However, the peak confined stress falls and the corresponding strain increase considerably in the temperature range of 600 to 900 °C. It is shown that an increase in the degree of confinement reinforcement results in an increased residual strength and deformability of pre-damaged confined concrete.

Research limitations/implications

It is applicable in finding the residual strength and strain of the pre-damaged confined concrete in uni-axial compression after exposure to elevated temperature.

Practical implications

The practical implications is that the test result is applicable in finding the residual strengths of pre-damaged confined concrete under uni-axial compression after exposure to elevated temperature.

Social implications

The main aim of the present investigation is to provide experimental data on the residual behaviour of pre-damaged confined concrete subjected to high temperatures.


The results of this study may be useful for developing the guidelines for designing the confinement reinforcement of reinforced concrete columns against the combined actions of earthquake and fire, as well as for designing the retrofitting schemes after these sequential disasters.



Kumar, V. (2020), "Effect of temperature on stress–strain behaviour of pre-damaged confined concrete", Journal of Structural Fire Engineering, Vol. 11 No. 1, pp. 67-99.



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