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Performance of parking steel column damaged by fire

Farshid Masoumi (Aayandegan Higher Education Institute, Tonekabon, Iran)
Ebrahim Farajpourbonab (University of Bonab, Bonab, Iran)

Journal of Structural Fire Engineering

ISSN: 2040-2317

Article publication date: 6 November 2018

Issue publication date: 22 May 2019




The primary purpose of this research was to expand the knowledge base regarding the behavior of steel columns during exposure to fire. This paper presents the numerical study of the effect of heat on the performance of parking steel column in a seven-story steel building under cyclic loading.


In this research, the forces and deformations developed during a fire are estimated by using detailed 3D finite-element models. The analyses are in the form of a coupled thermo-mechanical analysis in two types of loading: concurrent loading (fire and cyclic loading) and non-concurrent loading (first fire and then cyclically), and the analyses have been conducted in both states of the fire loading with cooling and without cooling using the ABAQUS software. Further, it was investigated whether, during the fire loading, the specimen was protected by a 3-cm-thick concrete coating and how much it changes the seismic performance. After verification of the specimen with the experimental test results, the column model was investigated under different loading conditions.


The result of analyses indicates that the effect of thermal damage on the performance of steel columns, when cooling is happening late, is more than the state in which cooling occurs immediately after the fire. In this paper, thermal–seismic performance of parking steel columns has been specified and the effect of the fire damage has been investigated for the protected steel by concrete coating and to the non-protected steel, under both cooling and non-cooling states.


This study led to recommendations based on the findings and suggestions for additional work to support performance-based fire engineering. It is clear that predicting force and deformation on steel column during fire is complex and it is affected by many variables. Here in this paper, those variables are examined and proper results have been achieved.



Masoumi, F. and Farajpourbonab, E. (2019), "Performance of parking steel column damaged by fire", Journal of Structural Fire Engineering, Vol. 10 No. 2, pp. 138-154.



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