Fire resistance of the vertical glass structures with thermal protection foil

András Jakab (Department of Construction Materials and Technologies, Budapesti Muszaki es Gazdasagtudomanyi Egyetem, Budapest, Hungary)
Viktor Hlavicka (Department of Construction Materials and Technologies, Budapesti Muszaki es Gazdasagtudomanyi Egyetem, Budapest, Hungary)
Ágoston Restás (Institute of Disaster Management, National University of Public Service, Budapest, Hungary)
Eva Lubloy (Department of Construction Materials and Technologies, Budapesti Muszaki es Gazdasagtudomanyi Egyetem, Budapest, Hungary)

Journal of Structural Fire Engineering

ISSN: 2040-2317

Publication date: 28 May 2020

Abstract

Purpose

During the building designing, it is very important to deal with the fire resistance of the structures. The designed materials for escape routes should be selected to ensure the usability of the structures until the time of escape. Planning affects the glass structures similarly, so these can also be partition walls and load bearing structures, although the latter is less applied on escape routes. The heat protection of the glasses can be improved with heat-protective foils, while fire protection is provided by gel intumescent material.

Design/methodology/approach

To research the topic of fire resistance, laboratory experiments were carried out on small-scaled glass elements with thermal protection foil at Budapest University of Technology and Economics at the Department of Construction Materials and Technologies.

Findings

Fire protection of small model specimens was tested with blowtorch fire and furnace heat load. During the experiments, six foils were tested. Single pane glass, double layered and triple glazed specimens were tested with blowtorch fire.

Originality/value

Fire protection of small model specimens was tested with blowtorch fire and furnace heat load. During the experiments, six foils were tested. Single pane glass, double layered and triple glazed specimens were tested with blowtorch fire. In case of heat-protected glazing, the foils on the “protected” side of the single pane glass do not have a fire protection effect based on blowtorch fire test. For double glassed specimens, the P35 foil has a perceptible effect, even for the requirements of the flame breakthrough (E, integrity), when the foil is placed on the inner side (position 3) of the second glass layer. The stratification of each triple glazed specimens was effective against blowtorch fire load (3 M, S4&P35), so (EI, integrity and isolation) it can meet the requirements of flame breakthrough and thermal insulation.

Keywords

Acknowledgements

The authors wish to thank János László Szeles for providing the necessary glasses and foils. This research was carried out with the support of the Bolyai János. The research was also supported by the Higher Education Institutional Excellence Program, under the topic program of the BME FIKP-WATER, announced by the Ministry of Human Resources.

This research was also supported by the János Bolyai Research Scholarship of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences. “SUPPORTED BY THE ÚNKP-19-4 NEW NATIONAL EXCELLENCE PROGRAM OF THE MINISTRY FOR INNOVATION AND TECHNOLOGY.” The research reported in this paper was supported by the Higher Education Excellence Program of the Ministry of Human Capacities in the frame of the Water sciences & Disaster Prevention research area of the Budapest University of Technology and Economics (BME FIKP-VÍZ).

Citation

Jakab, A., Hlavicka, V., Restás, Á. and Lubloy, E. (2020), "Fire resistance of the vertical glass structures with thermal protection foil", Journal of Structural Fire Engineering, Vol. 11 No. 3, pp. 395-407. https://doi.org/10.1108/JSFE-01-2020-0004

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Emerald Publishing Limited

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