To read this content please select one of the options below:

How shared leadership and team personality composition interact to improve entrepreneurial team performance: Evidence from China

Wencang Zhou (Department of Management, Montclair State University, Montclair, New Jersey, USA)
Yanli Zhang (Department of Management, Montclair State University, Montclair, New Jersey, USA)
Yali Shen (School of Public and Administration, Shanghai University of Finance and Economics, Shanghai, China)

Journal of Small Business and Enterprise Development

ISSN: 1462-6004

Article publication date: 20 June 2017

Issue publication date: 11 August 2017

2393

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is twofold: first, to explore the contingency effects of personality composition on the shard leadership and entrepreneurial team performance relationship and second, to examine different contingency effects that team personality mean score and team personality diversity have on the shared leadership – entrepreneurial team performance relationship, using the person-team fit theory and the Big-5 framework.

Design/methodology/approach

The sample consisted of 200 entrepreneurial teams in a technology incubator founded in 2009 in eastern China. Data were collected through an online survey.

Findings

Team conscientiousness level and team openness to experience diversity were found to interact with shared leadership to influence team effectiveness in a supplementary way, such that the relationship between shared leadership and team effectiveness will be stronger when the team’s mean score on conscientiousness level is high and diversity score on openness to experience is low. Another finding from this study is that team diversity scores on emotional stability and agreeableness interact with shared leadership in a complementary way; that is, the higher the diversity score, the better influence shared leadership has on team effectiveness.

Practical implications

First, this study provides policy implications for government agencies, foundations, and universities who provide support for start-ups in incubators. These institutions should know the importance of entrepreneurial team composition and team process to start-up performance and should provide entrepreneurial teams support in team development. Second, the study provides entrepreneurs with implications regarding team member selection.

Originality/value

This is one of the first papers to study the interaction between personality composition and shared leadership and its impact on new venture performance. These findings advance the literature on moderators of shared leadership by demonstrating that team personality composition on conscientiousness, openness to experience, emotional stability, and agreeableness moderates the relationship between shared leadership and entrepreneurial team performance.

Keywords

Citation

Zhou, W., Zhang, Y. and Shen, Y. (2017), "How shared leadership and team personality composition interact to improve entrepreneurial team performance: Evidence from China", Journal of Small Business and Enterprise Development, Vol. 24 No. 3, pp. 426-445. https://doi.org/10.1108/JSBED-12-2016-0206

Publisher

:

Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2017, Emerald Publishing Limited

Related articles