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Entrepreneurial exit by acquisition: the impact of heterogeneity in products and technology portfolio and marketing capabilities

Annelies Bobelyn (Industrial Engineering and Innovation Sciences, Eindhoven University of Technology, Eindhoven, The Netherlands)
Bart Claryse (Department of Management Technology and Economics, ETH-Rat und im ETH-Bereich, Zurich, Switzerland)
Mike Wright (Imperial College Business School, London, UK)

Journal of Research in Marketing and Entrepreneurship

ISSN: 1471-5201

Article publication date: 4 January 2021

Issue publication date: 12 July 2021

328

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to study the effect of two important marketing decisions on the extent of value capturing by the firm owners. First, it addresses the debate whether acquirers of young technology-based firms value targets that span multiple technology and market categories indicating multiples options for growth or prefer more narrowly defined targets with a clear product and market focus. Second, it investigates to what extent the use of alliances for marketing purposes contributes to value capturing and how they moderate the effect of diversification of technology and marketing.

Design/methodology/approach

To estimate the acquisition price, a linear regression model is used, including a Heckman correction controlling for the likelihood of being acquired. The hypotheses are tested in a sample of British venture capital backed firms.

Findings

Firms that convey focus in their marketing activities (either because they focus on a few market categories or because they rely on downstream alliance to market their inventions) receive higher valuations at acquisition than those that diversify. Further, also the size of the product portfolio is negatively correlated to the acquisition price. Finally, the results reveal that firms with a broad patent portfolio can reduce the negative effects on firm value by engaging in less downstream alliances.

Originality/value

This paper advances existing research on exit strategies for entrepreneurial firms by considering factors explaining acquisition prices, instead of acquisition probabilities. Further, it adds the categorization research by demonstrating how acquirers respond to complex combinations of technology and market categories.

Keywords

Acknowledgements

The first author acknowledges the financial support provided by Research Foundation Flanders through an ICM-FWO Fellowship and by QinetiQ.

Citation

Bobelyn, A., Claryse, B. and Wright, M. (2021), "Entrepreneurial exit by acquisition: the impact of heterogeneity in products and technology portfolio and marketing capabilities", Journal of Research in Marketing and Entrepreneurship, Vol. 23 No. 1, pp. 41-59. https://doi.org/10.1108/JRME-07-2020-0089

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2020, Emerald Publishing Limited

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