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Self-presentation via electronic word of mouth – a reflective or impulsive activity?

Anders H. Wien (School of Business and Economics, UiT The Arctic University of Norway, Tromsø, Norway)

Journal of Research in Interactive Marketing

ISSN: 2040-7122

Article publication date: 25 September 2019

Issue publication date: 26 September 2019

Abstract

Purpose

Previous research suggests that self-presentation causes people to have a reflective tendency to produce electronic word-of-mouth (eWOM). Drawing on the theory of the reflective-impulsive model (RIM), this paper aims to examine whether self-presentation also could motivate an impulsive tendency to produce eWOM. Self-monitoring is suggested as a possible moderator in the relationship between self-presentation and impulsive eWOM production.

Design/methodology/approach

Data were collected based on an online survey of members from a consumer panel. The effective sample size was 574 respondents. Structural equation modeling (SEM) was used to analyze the data.

Findings

The findings show that self-presentation may drive both impulsive and reflective eWOM tendencies; however, that the relationship between self-presentation and impulsive eWOM tendency is contingent on high levels of self-monitoring.

Originality/value

By including self-monitoring as a moderator, this study is the first to show a relationship between self-presentation and impulsive eWOM production. Moreover, the findings show that both impulsive and reflective eWOM tendencies are associated with an enhanced tendency to produce eWOM, thereby demonstrating the usefulness of the RIM theory in understanding eWOM behavior. Overall, the findings shed light on how companies may stimulate eWOM production, and consequently provide insight into creating more effective eWOM campaigns.

Keywords

Citation

Wien, A.H. (2019), "Self-presentation via electronic word of mouth – a reflective or impulsive activity?", Journal of Research in Interactive Marketing, Vol. 13 No. 3, pp. 331-350. https://doi.org/10.1108/JRIM-08-2018-0094

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

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