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Political stability and corruption nexus: an international perspective on European and Asian countries

Daniela-Georgeta Beju (Department of Finance, Babeş-Bolyai University, Cluj-Napoca, Romania)
Maria-Lenuta Ciupac-Ulici (Hyperion University, Bucharest, Romania) (IPAG Business School, Paris, France)
Vasile Paul Bresfelean (Department of Economic Informatics, Babeş-Bolyai University, Cluj-Napoca, Romania)

Journal of Risk Finance

ISSN: 1526-5943

Article publication date: 27 February 2024

Issue publication date: 29 April 2024

113

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to investigate the impact of political stability on corruption by drawing upon a sample encompassing both developed and developing European and Asian countries.

Design/methodology/approach

The dataset, sourced from the Refinitiv database, spans from July 2014 to May 2022. Panel data techniques, specifically pooled estimation and dynamic panel data [generalized method of moments (GMM)] are employed. The analysis encompasses both fixed and random effects models to capture country-specific cross-sectional effects. To validate our findings, we perform a robustness test by including in the investigation four control variables, namely poverty, type of governance, economic freedom and inflation. To test heterogeneity, the dataset is further divided into two distinct subsamples based on the countries’ locations.

Findings

Empirical findings substantiate that political stability (viewed as the risk of government destabilization) has a positive and significant impact on corruption in all analyzed samples of European and Asian countries, though some differences are observed in various subsamples. When we take into account the control variables, these analysis results are robust.

Research limitations/implications

This research provided a panel data analysis with GMM, while other empirical methodologies could also be used, like the difference-in-difference approach. However, our results should be validated by extending the time and the sample to a worldwide sample and using alternative measures of corruption and political stability. Moreover, our focus was on a linear and unidirectional relationship between the considered variables, but it would be interesting to test in our further research a non-linear and bidirectional correlation between them. Furthermore, we have introduced in the robustness test only four economic variables, but to consolidate our findings, we plan to include socioeconomic and demographic variables in future studies.

Practical implications

These outcomes imply that authorities should be aware of the necessity of implementing anti-corruption policies designed to establish effective agencies and enforcement structures for combating systemic corruption, to improve the political environment and the quality of institutions and to apply coherent economic strategies to accelerate economic growth because higher political stability and sustainable development determine a decrease in levels of corruption.

Social implications

At the microeconomic level, the survival of organizations may be in danger from new types of corruption and money laundering. Therefore, in order to prevent financial harm, the top businesses worldwide should respond to instances of corruption through strengthened supervisory procedures. This calls for the creation of a mechanism inside the code of conduct where correct reporting of suspected situations of corruption would have a prompt procedure to be notified of. To avoid corruption in operational procedures, national plans and policies should be developed by government officials, executives and legislators on a national level, as well as by senior management and the board of directors on an organizational level. This might lower organizations' extra corruption-related expenses, assure economic growth and improve global welfare.

Originality/value

A novel feature of our research resides in its broad examination of a sizable sample of European and Asian countries regarding the nexus between corruption and political stability. The paper also investigates a less explored topic in economic literature, namely the impact of political stability on corruption. Furthermore, the study depicts policy recommendations, outlining effective and reasonable measures aimed at improving the political landscape and combating corruption.

Keywords

Citation

Beju, D.-G., Ciupac-Ulici, M.-L. and Bresfelean, V.P. (2024), "Political stability and corruption nexus: an international perspective on European and Asian countries", Journal of Risk Finance, Vol. 25 No. 3, pp. 422-442. https://doi.org/10.1108/JRF-10-2023-0261

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2024, Emerald Publishing Limited

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