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Re-examining asymmetric dynamics in the relationship between macroeconomic variables and stock market indices: empirical evidence from Malaysia

Rajesh Mohnot (Ajman University, Ajman, United Arab Emirates)
Arindam Banerjee (S P Jain School of Global Management - Dubai Campus, Dubai, United Arab Emirates)
Hanane Ballaj (Ajman University, Ajman, United Arab Emirates)
Tapan Sarker (University of Southern Queensland - Springfield Campus, Springfield Central, Australia)

Journal of Risk Finance

ISSN: 1526-5943

Article publication date: 15 November 2023

Issue publication date: 10 January 2024

211

Abstract

Purpose

The aim of this research is to re-examine the dynamic linkages between macroeconomic variables and the stock market indices in Malaysia following some transformational changes in the policies and the exchange rate regime.

Design/methodology/approach

Using monthly data points for all the economic variables and the stock market index (KLCI Index), the authors applied vector autoregression (VAR) model to examine the relationship. The authors also used impulse response function (IRF) in order to explore the effect of one-unit shock in “X” on “Y” under the VAR environment.

Findings

The authors' study finds a significant relationship between all the macroeconomic variables and the stock market index of Malaysia. The cointegration results indicate a long-term relationship, whereas the vector autoregressive-based impulse response analysis suggests that the Malaysian stock index (KLCI) responds negatively to the money supply, inflation and producer price index (PPI). However, the authors' results indicate a positive response from the stock index to the exchange rate.

Research limitations/implications

The authors' study's results are based on selected macroeconomic variables and the VAR model. Researchers may find other variables and methods more useful and may provide findings accordingly.

Practical implications

Since the results are quite asymmetric, it would be interesting for the market players, policymakers and regulators to consider the findings and explore appropriate opportunities.

Originality/value

While the relationship between macroeconomic variables and stock market indices has been widely examined, a significant gap in the literature remains concerning the role of exchange rate variable on the stock market in an emerging economy context.

Keywords

Citation

Mohnot, R., Banerjee, A., Ballaj, H. and Sarker, T. (2024), "Re-examining asymmetric dynamics in the relationship between macroeconomic variables and stock market indices: empirical evidence from Malaysia", Journal of Risk Finance, Vol. 25 No. 1, pp. 19-34. https://doi.org/10.1108/JRF-09-2023-0216

Publisher

:

Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2023, Emerald Publishing Limited

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