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Effectiveness of TPM implementation with and without integration with TQM in Indian manufacturing industries

Kanwarpreet Singh (University College of Engineering, Punjabi University, Patiala, India)
Inderpreet Singh Ahuja (University College of Engineering, Punjabi University, Patiala, India)

Journal of Quality in Maintenance Engineering

ISSN: 1355-2511

Article publication date: 7 October 2014




The purpose of this paper is to evaluate and extract various significant factors influencing the implementation of total quality management (TQM) and total productive maintenance (TPM) on business performance for the following approaches: TPM alone; both TQM-TPM combined for improving manufacturing performance in the Indian manufacturing industry.


In the present study, 94 manufacturing organizations have been extensively surveyed, to ascertain the contributions made by TQM and TPM initiatives in the Indian manufacturing industries toward realizing manufacturing performance improvements. The correlations between various TQM and TPM implementation issues and manufacturing performance improvements have been evaluated and validated by employing various statistical tools.


This paper illustrates how the synergistic relationship of TQM and TPM paradigms can be helpful for Indian manufacturing industries to enhance overall business performance. The major objectives of this research is to examine, the effectiveness of performance parameters (dependent variables) and factors of implementation (independent variables) of companies implementing TPM alone and TQM-TPM combined approach to improve their business performance and how the support of TQM provides a synergetic effect on TPM's contribution in improving better business performance.


TQM and TPM, are such popular initiatives employed by the manufacturing organizations as performance improvement techniques. These programs are employed world over for attaining customer satisfaction, reliability, productivity, market share, profitability and even survival. The study stresses upon the need for improving coordination between manufacturing parameters and other organizational quality improvement initiatives through transfusion of TQM and TPM and to examine the impact of experience in terms of time period on effectiveness of performance parameters when TQM is supported by TPM for Indian manufacturing companies.



Singh, K. and Singh Ahuja, I. (2014), "Effectiveness of TPM implementation with and without integration with TQM in Indian manufacturing industries", Journal of Quality in Maintenance Engineering, Vol. 20 No. 4, pp. 415-435.



Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2014, Emerald Group Publishing Limited

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