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Nature engagement for human and nature’s well-being during the Corona pandemic

Miles Richardson (Human Sciences Research Centre, University of Derby, Derby, UK)
Iain Hamlin (Human Sciences Research Centre, University of Derby, Derby, UK)

Journal of Public Mental Health

ISSN: 1746-5729

Article publication date: 28 May 2021

Issue publication date: 21 July 2021




To explore the associations between noticing nature, nature connectedness, time in nature and human and nature’s well-being during the corona pandemic restrictions.


Natural England’s people and nature survey (PANS) data (n = 4,206) from the UK was used to assess a number of well-being outcomes (loneliness, life satisfaction, worthwhile life and happiness) and pro-nature behaviours as a function of longer-term physical time in nature and psychological connectedness to nature and shorter-term visits and noticing of nature.


Longer-term factors of nature connectedness and time in nature were both consistent significant predictors of well-being measures (apart from loneliness) and pro-nature conservation behaviours. Considered alone short-term visits and noticing were again consistent and significant predictors of three well-being measures, but recent visits to nature were not associated with pro-nature conservation behaviours. A combined regression highlighted the importance of a longer-term relationship with nature in all outcomes apart from loneliness but also revealed that even when considered in concert with longer-term factors, currently noticing nature had a role in feeling one’s life was worthwhile, pro-nature behaviours and loneliness.


The closeness of the human-nature relationship and noticing nature have rarely been examined in concert with nature visits. Further, the reciprocal benefits of pro-nature behaviours are often overlooked.



Funding statement: This research did not receive any specific grant from funding agencies in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.


Richardson, M. and Hamlin, I. (2021), "Nature engagement for human and nature’s well-being during the Corona pandemic", Journal of Public Mental Health, Vol. 20 No. 2, pp. 83-93.



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