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City responses to economic downturns 2003 to 2009: Statistical and textual analyses of comprehensive annual financial reports

John F. Sacco (Department of Public and International Affairs, George Mason University's.)
Gerard R. Busheé (Department of Social Sciences, University of the Virgin Islands)

Journal of Public Budgeting, Accounting & Financial Management

ISSN: 1096-3367

Article publication date: 1 March 2013

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Abstract

This paper analyzes the impact of economic downturns on the revenue and expense sides of city financing for the period 2003 to 2009 using a convenience sample of the audited end of year financial reports for thirty midsized US cities. The analysis focuses on whether and how quickly and how extensively revenue and spending directions from past years are altered by recessions. A seven year series of Comprehensive Annual Financial Report (CAFR) data serves to explore whether citiesʼ revenues and spending, especially the traditional property tax and core functions such as public safety and infrastructure withstood the brief 2001 and the persistent 2007 recessions? The findings point to consumption (spending) over stability (revenue minus expense) for the recession of 2007, particularly in 2008 and 2009.

Citation

Sacco, J.F. and Busheé, G.R. (2013), "City responses to economic downturns 2003 to 2009: Statistical and textual analyses of comprehensive annual financial reports", Journal of Public Budgeting, Accounting & Financial Management, Vol. 25 No. 3, pp. 425-445. https://doi.org/10.1108/JPBAFM-25-03-2013-B003

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

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