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Significant governance factors in PPP infrastructure delivery performance in Ghana

Titus Ebenezer Kwofie (Department of Architecture, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology (KNUST), Kumasi, Ghana and Sustainable Human Settlement and Construction Research Centre, Faculty of Engineering and the Built Environment, University of Johannesburg, Johannesburg, South Africa)
Florence Yaa Akyiaa Ellis (Department of Human Resource and Organisational Development, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, Ghana)
Desmond Opoku (Department of Architecture, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, Ghana)

Journal of Public Procurement

ISSN: 1535-0118

Article publication date: 10 May 2021

Issue publication date: 8 July 2021




Inefficiencies in public-private partnership (PPP) has been attributed to deficient and poor governance practices and structures. It has been recognized that a veritable way to achieve efficiency in PPP governance is through gaining an understanding of the theoretical, practical and contextual factors that underline governance practices in PPP project delivery. The purpose of this study is to explore the significant governance factors in PPP project performance and delivery.


Using a questionnaire survey on major players in PPPs in policy, research, consultancy and professionals, the study sought to delineate the significant governance factors that impact PPP project delivery performance.


A step-wise multiple regression analysis revealed effective communication and openness in sharing project information systems, competent, responsible and effective project leadership, trust-building processes, systems and practices, best practice organizational and team norms, team culture, cohesion practices, effective relationship management practices, robust policy diffusion and transfer processes, friendly business environment and government support and contractual and renegotiation flexibility as the key contractual and non-contractual governance factors that can predict about 79% level of PPP project delivery performance.

Social implications

The findings offer support to improve PPP delivery in governance.


These findings are, thus, useful toward evolving regulatory quality governance mechanisms, flexible supervision and quality decisions that can enhance value for money in PPP projects in PPP project delivery.



The authors appreciate and acknowledge the efforts and input of Selorm Abla Afeke and Jennifer Sena Dagadu in the data collection and organization.


Kwofie, T.E., Ellis, F.Y.A. and Opoku, D. (2021), "Significant governance factors in PPP infrastructure delivery performance in Ghana", Journal of Public Procurement, Vol. 21 No. 2, pp. 97-118.



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