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Psychological contract and work outcomes during COVID-19 pandemic

Anushree Karani (Post-Doctoral Fellow, ICSSR, New Delhi, India) (Sardar Patel University, Vallabh Vidyanagar, India)
Payal Trivedi (IFIM Business School, Bangalore, India)
Heena Thanki (MBA, Shri Jairambhai Patel Institute of Business Management and Computer Applications, Gandhinagar, India)

Journal of Organizational Effectiveness: People and Performance

ISSN: 2051-6614

Article publication date: 15 July 2021

Issue publication date: 1 February 2022

1497

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of the current research is to examine the impact of psychological contract fulfillment on work outcomes i.e. organizational commitment and job satisfaction during the COVID-19 pandemic. It also aims to check the mediating role of co-worker support and work engagement on organizational outcomes.

Design/methodology/approach

The current study has adopted a quantitative approach and a cross-sectional research design has been used with a snowball sampling technique. Data were collected via a structured questionnaire through Google Docs from 926 respondents working at different capacities in the service sector. The study includes those respondents who are working from home during the COVID-19 pandemic situation. The hypotheses were tested using structural equation modeling (SEM).

Findings

Results indicated that psychological contract fulfillment was positively impacting work outcomes i.e. organizational commitment and job satisfaction. Co-worker support and work engagement positively mediated the relationship between psychological contract fulfillment and work outcomes during the COVID-19 pandemic situation. Multi-group analysis proved that there was a difference in opinion regarding the impact of psychological contract fulfillment on organizational commitment and job satisfaction amongst males and females.

Originality/value

The novel contribution of the study is integrating social exchange theory, organization support theory and social information processing theory during the pandemic situation. The results highlighted meticulous empirical evidence, which answers the question as to how the met expectations cause an advantageous effect on the employees as well as the organizations in this COVID-19 pandemic situation.

Keywords

Citation

Karani, A., Trivedi, P. and Thanki, H. (2022), "Psychological contract and work outcomes during COVID-19 pandemic", Journal of Organizational Effectiveness: People and Performance, Vol. 9 No. 1, pp. 149-168. https://doi.org/10.1108/JOEPP-09-2020-0186

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2021, Emerald Publishing Limited

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