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Making organizations more effective through organizational socialization

Alan Saks (Centre for Industrial Relations and Human Resources, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada)
Jamie A. Gruman (Department of Management, University of Guelph, Guelph, Canada)

Journal of Organizational Effectiveness: People and Performance

ISSN: 2051-6614

Article publication date: 2 September 2014

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to consider the potential effects of organizational socialization on organizational-level outcomes and to demonstrate that organizational socialization is an important human resource (HR) practice that should be included in research on strategic human resource management (SHRM) and should be part of a high-performance work system (HPWS).

Design/methodology/approach

This paper reviews the research on SHRM and applies SHRM theory and the ability-motivation-opportunity model to explain how organizational socialization can influence organizational outcomes. The implications of psychological resource theories for newcomer adjustment and socialization are described and socialization resources theory is used to explain how organizational socialization can influence different indicators of newcomer adjustment.

Findings

An integration of SHRM theory and organizational socialization research indicates that organizational socialization can influence organizational outcomes (operational and financial) through newcomer adjustment (human capital, motivation, social capital, and psychological capital variables) and traditional socialization/HR outcomes such as job satisfaction, organizational commitment, job performance and reduced turnover.

Practical implications

In this paper the authors describe the socialization resources that organizations can use to facilitate newcomer adjustment to achieve newcomer and organizational outcomes.

Originality/value

This is one of the first papers to integrate the organizational socialization literature with SHRM theory and to explain how organizational socialization can influence organizational outcomes.

Keywords

Citation

Saks, A. and A. Gruman, J. (2014), "Making organizations more effective through organizational socialization", Journal of Organizational Effectiveness: People and Performance, Vol. 1 No. 3, pp. 261-280. https://doi.org/10.1108/JOEPP-07-2014-0036

Publisher

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Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2014, Emerald Group Publishing Limited