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Teleworkers' job performance: a study examining the role of age as an important diversity component of companies' workforce

Salima Hamouche (Department of Management, College of Business Administration, University of Sharjah, Sharjah, United Arab Emirates)
Annick Parent-Lamarche (Department of Human Resources Management, Université du Québec à Trois-Rivières, Trois-Rivieres, Canada)

Journal of Organizational Effectiveness: People and Performance

ISSN: 2051-6614

Article publication date: 1 December 2022

96

Abstract

Purpose

Teleworking seems to be the new future of the workplace. It has been widely adopted during the COVID-19 crisis, which has greatly influenced work organization conditions. This pandemic and its accompanying changes represent significant challenges for employees' performance, depending on their age if the study considers the physical and psychological vulnerabilities of older employees and their assumed or expected difficulties to cope with the new information and communication technologies (ICTs). This study aims at examining the direct effects of teleworking, and age on job performance (in-role). As well as analyzing the moderating effect of age on the relationship between teleworking and in-role job performance in times of crisis.

Design/methodology/approach

Data were collected in Canada from 18 companies, with a sample of 272 employees. Multivariate regression and moderation regression analyses were performed using Stata 13.

Findings

Results revealed that when teleworking, older age is associated with lower job performance and younger age is associated with higher job performance. Conversely, when working on-site, older age is associated with higher job performance, whereas younger age is associated with lower job performance.

Practical implications

From a practical perspective, these results highlight the importance of decision authority and recognition. As well as the presence of age disparities related to work arrangements. Managers need to adopt an inclusive approach and develop work arrangements that take into consideration employees' needs and ages. Some insights and practical recommendations are presented in this paper to support managers and human resource practitioners.

Originality/value

Studies examining the in-role job performance of teleworkers and the effects of age are sparse. This study helps to expand research on human resources management, job performance and age.

Keywords

Acknowledgements

Authors thanks all the organizations and employees who participated in this study. The author would also like to thank Kim Simard for her invaluable assistance during data collection.

Funding: This study was funded by the Fonds de recherche du Québec – Société et Culture (grant number: 267581) and by the Canadian Health Research Institutes (grant number: 430-2020-00674).

Institutional Review Board Statement: The study was conducted according to the guidelines of the Declaration of Helsinki and approved by the Institutional Review Board of the Université du Québec à Trois-Rivières (protocol code: CER-20-270-08-02.37; date of approval: January 6th, 2020).

Conflicts of Interest: The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Citation

Hamouche, S. and Parent-Lamarche, A. (2022), "Teleworkers' job performance: a study examining the role of age as an important diversity component of companies' workforce", Journal of Organizational Effectiveness: People and Performance, Vol. ahead-of-print No. ahead-of-print. https://doi.org/10.1108/JOEPP-03-2022-0057

Publisher

:

Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2022, Emerald Publishing Limited

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