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LMX as a negative predictor of presenteeism climate: A cross-cultural study in the financial and health sectors

Aristides I Ferreira (ISCTE – Instituto Universitário de Lisboa, Lisboa, Portugal)
Luis F. Martinez (Nova School of Business and Economics, Universidade Nova de Lisboa, Lisboa, Portugal)
Cary Cooper ((Lancaster University Management School, Lancaster, UK)
Diana M. Gui (ISCTE – Instituto Universitário de Lisboa, Lisboa, Portugal)

Journal of Organizational Effectiveness: People and Performance

ISSN: 2051-6614

Article publication date: 7 September 2015

616

Abstract

Purpose

Some underlying mechanisms regarding presenteeism still remain unclear, namely, the construct of “presenteeism climate” and the importance of “leadership” Leader-Member Exchange (LMX) for presenteeism. In order to shed some light into this phenomenon, the purpose of this paper is to develop and apply a new scale of presenteeism climate.

Design/methodology/approach

In Study 1, the authors identified a pool of items from the literature and, in Study 2 (n=147) the authors tested 26 items that were pilot studied with exploratory factor analysis. In Study 3 (n=293) the authors tested a three-factor model – extra-time valuation, supervision distrust and co-workers competitiveness – with confirmatory factor analysis.

Findings

Results showed that LMX has a negative correlation with presenteeism climate. Study 3 also showed that this structure remained invariant with additional samples from employees working in hospitals from Ecuador (n=90) and China (n=237). Finally, the authors included suggestions for future studies to overcome the limitations of this research.

Practical implications

This study has implications for managers and academics, as it emphasizes the importance of favorable behaviors between leaders and employees in order to decrease presenteeism and its adverse consequences.

Originality/value

The main contribution consists of identifying dimensions of presenteeism climate and developing measures. Additionally, the authors contribute to the literature on leadership by studying the influence of LMX on presenteeism climate.

Keywords

Acknowledgements

This research was partially supported by the Foundation for Science and Technology, Portugal – PEst-OE/EGE/UI0315/2011. The researchers would like to thank Andrea Naranjo for data col4lection in Ecuador and also Tobby and Lynn for data collection in China. An earlier version of this paper was presented at the 73rd Annual Meeting of the Academy of Management, Orlando, Florida, August 9-13, 2013.

Citation

Ferreira, A.I., Martinez, L.F., Cooper, C. and Gui, D.M. (2015), "LMX as a negative predictor of presenteeism climate: A cross-cultural study in the financial and health sectors", Journal of Organizational Effectiveness: People and Performance, Vol. 2 No. 3, pp. 282-302. https://doi.org/10.1108/JOEPP-02-2015-0005

Publisher

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Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2015, Emerald Group Publishing Limited

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