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The role of sexual orientation in entrepreneurial intention: the case of Parisian LGB people

Rony Germon (Pôle Universitaire Léonard de Vinci, Paris, France)
Séverine Leloarne (Grenoble School of Management, Grenoble, France)
Myriam Razgallah (Université de Grenoble, Grenoble, France)
Imen Safraou (PSB Paris School of Business, Paris, France)
Adnane Maalaoui (Institute of Preparation for Administration and Management (IPAG), Paris, France)

Journal of Organizational Change Management

ISSN: 0953-4814

Article publication date: 2 October 2019

Issue publication date: 22 May 2020




The purpose of this paper is to investigate the role that sexual orientation can play in entrepreneurial intention.


By conducting a survey on a sample of 654 individuals and, among them, 266 LGB people in the Paris region (France), and using linear regressions, The authors test the impact of sexual orientation on the antecedents of entrepreneurial intention, as defined by Ajzen (1991), and on entrepreneurial intention.


The study reveals that LGB people express a higher entrepreneurial intention than non-LGB people. The study also reveals that sexual orientation positively impacts the three antecedents of entrepreneurial intention, namely attitudes, perceived behavioral control and subjective norms.

Research limitations/implications

The study was conducted in a specific context: an LGB-friendly region and among a population of well-educated people. One could also have investigated the impact of femininity and masculinity on entrepreneurial intention among this population.

Practical implications

LGB people adopt entrepreneurial cognition different to that of other minorities, which tends to confirm that LGB entrepreneurial norms and beliefs are not really the same as those of the dominant culture. The study sheds light on the key antecedent one has to work on to increase the entrepreneurial intention of LGB people.


This study reveals that LGB people, even in friendly LGB geographical areas, are still suffering from a lack of self-esteem. The study also confirms that creating any new venture, as job creation process, is perceived as to be the alternative to difficult employment.



Germon, R., Leloarne, S., Razgallah, M., Safraou, I. and Maalaoui, A. (2020), "The role of sexual orientation in entrepreneurial intention: the case of Parisian LGB people", Journal of Organizational Change Management, Vol. 33 No. 3, pp. 527-544.



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