To read this content please select one of the options below:

Action-oriented entrepreneurial training and career resilience: a serial mediation model

Tehreem Fatima (Lahore Business School, The University of Lahore, Sargodha Campus, Sargodha, Pakistan)
Ahmad Raza Bilal (Office of Research, Innovation and Commercialization, University of Sargodha, Sargodha, Pakistan)
Muhammad Kashif Imran (Department of Commerce, The Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Bahawalpur, Pakistan)
Ambreen Sarwar (Department of Management Sciences, Virtual University of Pakistan, Lahore, Pakistan)

Journal of Organizational Change Management

ISSN: 0953-4814

Article publication date: 29 April 2024

Issue publication date: 28 May 2024




The combination of action and process has remained the attention of the psychology of entrepreneurship research. Moreover, special attention has also been paid to the whens and hows of entrepreneurial psychological training. Keeping this in view the current study has tested the impact of individual entrepreneurial orientation (IEO) training on small business entrepreneurial career resilience. Using action regulation theory (ART), a serial mediation model of IEO behaviour and entrepreneurial career adaptability is hypothesised.


This study used a longitudinal randomised controlled field experiment in which the data were collected at four points. A total of 546 small business owners from Lahore, Pakistan, participated in this research (training group = 265, control group = 281). The data were analysed using ANCOVAs and PROCESS Model 6.


The research has found that IEO training impacts the entrepreneurial career resilience of small business owners through the development of IEO behaviour and career adaptability.


This experimental inquiry is a novel attempt to extend the career-related outcomes of IEO training (career resilience) based on ART through the mediating role of IEO behaviour and career adaptability. In addition, it has tested the IEO training in the developing country of Pakistan, which is a relevant context for enhancing its socio-economic growth.



Fatima, T., Bilal, A.R., Imran, M.K. and Sarwar, A. (2024), "Action-oriented entrepreneurial training and career resilience: a serial mediation model", Journal of Organizational Change Management, Vol. 37 No. 3, pp. 504-528.



Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2024, Emerald Publishing Limited

Related articles