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Boundary conditions of workplace coaching outcomes

Rebecca J. Jones (Henley Business School, University of Reading, Henley-on-Thames, UK)
Stephen A. Woods (Surrey Business School, University of Surrey, Guildford, UK)
Ying Zhou (Surrey Business School, University of Surrey, Guildford, UK)

Journal of Managerial Psychology

ISSN: 0268-3946

Article publication date: 7 November 2018

Issue publication date: 14 November 2018



In order to address the need for greater understanding about the occupational and practice determinants of effective workplace coaching, the purpose of this paper is to examine the associations of two coaching practice factors (coaching format and external vs internal coaching provision), and coachees’ job complexity with perceived outcomes from coaching.


A survey of 161 individuals who had received workplace coaching was conducted. Participants provided data on two outcome criteria (self-reported work well-being and personal effectiveness at work).


Analysis indicated that external coaches and blended format coaching were most strongly associated with work well-being outcomes. The examination of interaction effects showed that coaching provided by external coaches was more strongly associated with outcomes for individuals working in the most complex job roles.


The original contribution of the authors’ findings is in terms of the implications for coaches, managers and HR practitioners by showing how coaching can be implemented differentially and most effectively based on desired outcome criteria and features of coachees’ job situations.



The first two authors contributed equally to this research.


Jones, R.J., Woods, S.A. and Zhou, Y. (2018), "Boundary conditions of workplace coaching outcomes", Journal of Managerial Psychology, Vol. 33 No. 7/8, pp. 475-496.



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