The purpose of this paper is to explore the relationship between organizational age stereotypes and occupational self-efficacy. First, the authors intend to test the measurement invariance of Henkens’s (2005) age stereotypes scale across two age group, respectively, under 50 and 50 years and older. Then, the moderator role of age groups in the relationship between age stereotypes and occupational self-efficacy is investigated.
The survey involved a large sample of 4,667 Italian bank sector’s employees.
The results show the invariance of the three dimensional structure of organizational stereotypes towards older workers scale: productivity, reliability and adaptability. Furthermore, the moderation is confirmed: the relationship between organizational age stereotypes and occupational self-efficacy is significant only for older respondents.
Future studies should aim to replicate the findings with longitudinal designs.
The study suggests the importance to emphasize the positive characteristics of older workers and to reduce the presence of negative age stereotypes in the workplace, especially in order to foster the occupational self-efficacy of older workers.
The findings are especially relevant in view of the lack of evidence about the relationship between age stereotypes and occupational self-efficacy.
Kène Henkens was supported by the Netherlands Institute of Advanced Study (NIAS), while working on this project.
Chiesa, R., Toderi, S., Dordoni, P., Henkens, K., Fiabane, E. and Setti, I. (2016), "Older workers: stereotypes and occupational self-efficacy", Journal of Managerial Psychology, Vol. 31 No. 7, pp. 1152-1166. https://doi.org/10.1108/JMP-11-2015-0390Download as .RIS
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