Leadership‐motivated excellence theory: an extension of LMX

George B. Graen (University of Illinois C‐U (Retired), Champaign, Illinois, USA)
William A. Schiemann (Metrus Institute, Sommerville, New Jersey, USA)

Journal of Managerial Psychology

ISSN: 0268-3946

Publication date: 28 June 2013



The purpose of this paper is to review and extend leader‐member‐exchange theory (LMX). It also describes the new “Leadership‐Motivated Excellence Theory” (LMX‐T), and its implications for managing members of new generations.


This is a conceptual paper and does not employ research methods.


Recent findings included in this review and extension of LMX theory suggest that members of the millennial generation (born 1978‐1996) are having difficulties in finding a common ground with their chosen career organization after college. The new LMX‐T suggests that forming unique strategic alliances with team members may increase the inclusion of these generational members, and help them tackle common organizational problems.

Practical implications

The review of the new Leadership‐Motivated Excellence Theory suggests that managers may want to redesign their managerial leadership climate to make it more “millennial friendly”.


This review provides a unique perspective on the employee development needed for new generations of employees.



Graen, G. and Schiemann, W. (2013), "Leadership‐motivated excellence theory: an extension of LMX", Journal of Managerial Psychology, Vol. 28 No. 5, pp. 452-469. https://doi.org/10.1108/JMP-11-2012-0351

Download as .RIS



Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2013, Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Please note you might not have access to this content

You may be able to access this content by login via Shibboleth, Open Athens or with your Emerald account.
If you would like to contact us about accessing this content, click the button and fill out the form.
To rent this content from Deepdyve, please click the button.