Age-sensitive job design antecedents of innovative work behavior

Tomislav Hernaus (Department of Organization and Management, Faculty of Economics and Business, University of Zagreb, Zagreb, Croatia)
Matija Maric (Department of Organization and Management, Faculty of Economics and Business, University of Zagreb, Zagreb, Croatia)
Matej Černe (Academic Unit for Management and Organization, School of Economics and Business, University of Ljubljana, Ljubljana, Slovenia)

Journal of Managerial Psychology

ISSN: 0268-3946

Publication date: 1 July 2019

Abstract

Purpose

Integrating the lifespan perspectives on job design and creativity/innovation, the purpose of this paper is to examine the moderating role of chronological age in the relationship between cognitive job demands (i.e. job complexity and job innovation requirements) and individual innovative work behavior (IWB).

Design/methodology/approach

Multilevel regression analyses are employed to analyze survey data of 336 employee–supervisor dyads from 61 departments across three organizations.

Findings

Results demonstrate that age was a significant moderator of the cognitive job demands-IWB relationship. Under the condition of high job complexity, younger employees outperformed their older counterparts. Conversely, older employees attained the same level of IWB as younger colleagues when more job innovation requirements were placed upon them.

Practical implications

IWB needs to be stimulated following different paths and by making job design decisions with regards to cognitive job demands that are dependent on employee age.

Originality/value

Empirical evidence has been provided to support the lifespan perspective on job design, with a special focus given to the cognitive job demands–IWB relationship.

Keywords

Citation

Hernaus, T., Maric, M. and Černe, M. (2019), "Age-sensitive job design antecedents of innovative work behavior", Journal of Managerial Psychology, Vol. 34 No. 5, pp. 368-382. https://doi.org/10.1108/JMP-10-2018-0478

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Publisher

:

Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2019, Emerald Publishing Limited

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