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Work-family conflict across the lifespan

Ann Huffman (Department of Psychology, Northern Arizona University and WA Franke College of Business, Flagstaff, Arizona, USA)
Satoris S. Culbertson (Department of Psychology, Kansas State University, Manhattan, Kansas, USA)
Jaime B. Henning (Department of Psychology, Eastern Kentucky University, Richmond, Kentucky, USA)
Adrian Goh (Organizational Science, University of North Carolina-Charlotte, Charlotte, North Carolina, USA)

Journal of Managerial Psychology

ISSN: 0268-3946

Article publication date: 4 November 2013

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Abstract

Purpose

Research on work-family conflict has primarily focused on younger workers, with little attention being paid to workers across the lifespan. To address this gap, the current study aimed to examine work-family conflict for individuals aged 18 to 70, focusing on explanations for why age is differentially related to work-family conflict at different points in one's life.

Design/methodology/approach

Hypotheses were tested using data from two independent samples of working adults from the National Study of the Changing Workforce (n=3,552 and 2,852, respectively).

Findings

The results supported a curvilinear relationship, with youngest and oldest workers having the fewest conflicting demands between work and home. Further, the results demonstrated that family satisfaction and the age of the youngest child help explain why these workers are less likely to experience family interference with work. Finally, work hours were found to mediate the relationship between age and work interference with family.

Originality/value

One of the most substantial demographic transformations in the general population involves the aging of the workforce. This is one of the first papers to examine and provide insight into why age is related to work-family conflict.

Keywords

Citation

Huffman, A., S. Culbertson, S., B. Henning, J. and Goh, A. (2013), "Work-family conflict across the lifespan", Journal of Managerial Psychology, Vol. 28 No. 7/8, pp. 761-780. https://doi.org/10.1108/JMP-07-2013-0220

Publisher

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Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2013, Emerald Group Publishing Limited