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Can artificial intelligence, RegTech and CharityTech provide effective solutions for anti-money laundering and counter-terror financing initiatives in charitable fundraising

Charanjit Singh (Westminster Business School College, University of Westminster, London, UK)
Wangwei Lin (Department of Law, School of Law, Coventry University, Coventry, UK)

Journal of Money Laundering Control

ISSN: 1368-5201

Article publication date: 30 November 2020

Issue publication date: 31 July 2021

776

Abstract

Purpose

Artificial intelligence has had a major impact on organisations from Banking through to Law Firms. The rate at which technology has developed in terms of tasks that are complex, technical and time-consuming has been astounding. The purpose of this paper is to explore the solutions that AI, RegTech and CharityTech provide to charities in navigating the vast amount of anti-money laundering and counter-terror finance legislation in the UK; so that they comply with the requirements and mitigate the potential risk they face but also develop a more coherent and streamlined set of actions.

Design/methodology/approach

The subject is approached through the analysis of data, literature and, domestic and international regulation. The first part of the paper explores the current obligations and risks charities face, these are then, in the second part, set against the examination of potential technological solutions as of August 2020.

Findings

It is suggested that charities underestimate the importance of the nature and size of the threat posed to them, this is significant, as demonstrated, given the growing size and impact of the sector. Technological solutions are suggested to combat the issues charities face.

Originality/value

The study is original because it is the first to create the notion of CharityTech and to specifically explore what technological advances can assist charities in meeting the regulatory compliance challenge.

Keywords

Citation

Singh, C. and Lin, W. (2021), "Can artificial intelligence, RegTech and CharityTech provide effective solutions for anti-money laundering and counter-terror financing initiatives in charitable fundraising", Journal of Money Laundering Control, Vol. 24 No. 3, pp. 464-482. https://doi.org/10.1108/JMLC-09-2020-0100

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2020, Emerald Publishing Limited

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