The purpose of this paper is to critically appraise the legal definition of the offence of money laundering under Malawian law. The goal is to evaluate whether the definition meets international standards and best practices on legal definition of money laundering, particularly as contained in the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime (UNCATOC).
The paper is a doctrinal analysis of the legal definition of the offence of money laundering under Malawian law. It examines the constituent elements of the offence based on the traditional conception of a criminal offence as constituting the prohibited conduct (or actus reus) and the mental element (or mens rea). The paper comparatively evaluates the offence vis-à-vis international standards and best practices, particularly as contained in the UNCATOC.
The paper concludes that the definition is compliant with international standards and best practices.
The paper is based on the statutory definition of the offence, but was unable to examine how the offence is interpreted and applied in concrete cases by Malawian courts. The reason is the lack of any case law through which courts have interpreted and applied the offence.
The paper provides the template for future interpretation and application of the offence by courts in the future.
Enhancing the clarity and certainty in the law on money laundering in Malawi.
The paper is an elucidation of a statutory provision that was recently adopted in Malawi and for which there is no authoritative clarification. The paper, therefore, makes an invaluable contribution to the fight against money laundering in Malawi by being a guide to law enforcers, lawyers, courts and policy/legislative makers.
Bande, L.C. (2021), "Defining money laundering under Malawian law: a critical appraisal for compliance with international standards", Journal of Money Laundering Control, Vol. 24 No. 3, pp. 559-570. https://doi.org/10.1108/JMLC-07-2020-0080
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