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Role of FATF in spearheading AML and CFT

Firas Murrar (Department of Public Administration, Faculty of Economics and Political Science, Cairo University, Giza, Egypt)
Khaled Barakat (Department of Public Administration, Faculty of Economics and Political Science, Cairo University, Giza, Egypt)

Journal of Money Laundering Control

ISSN: 1368-5201

Article publication date: 13 June 2020

Issue publication date: 25 May 2021




This study aims to define the role of the Financial Action Task Force (FATF) and its Style Regional Bodies (FSRBs) that combat money laundering (ML) and terrorist financing (TF) by measuring how well some Arab countries have complied with FATF’s “Forty Recommendations” with respect to the regulatory framework.


This study combines the comparative analysis methodology with a descriptive analytical approach to compare three member countries of the Middle East and North Africa Financial Action Task Force (MENAFATF). It uses secondary data sources, namely, theoretical literature on the subject and FATF reports on mutual evaluation reports (MERs).


This study examined the variations in compliance with FATF standards among three member countries of MENAFATF: Bahrain, Morocco and Jordan. While Bahrain has almost completely fulfilled these standards, Morocco and Jordan have only partially fulfilled them. These variations in compliance are mainly attributed to the uneven level of readiness in the countries’ commitment to the legislative and regulatory requirements before the process of mutual evaluation.


Researchers can find several studies on the role of FATF and FSRBs in combating ML and TF. However, no studies have focussed on the application levels of FATF standards, which are relevant to the regulatory frameworks of member countries. This study makes a unique and vital contribution, as it demonstrates the effectiveness of applying the FATF standards.



Murrar, F. and Barakat, K. (2021), "Role of FATF in spearheading AML and CFT", Journal of Money Laundering Control, Vol. 24 No. 1, pp. 77-90.



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