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The effect of family teaching on depression, anxiety and stress in caregivers of patients received electroconvulsive therapy

Farshid Shamsaei (Department of Behavioral Disorders and Substance Abuse Research Center, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran)
Hassan Kazemian (Department of Nursing, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran)
Fatemeh Cheraghi (Department of Chronic Disease (Home Care) Research Center, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran)
Maryam Farhadian (Department of Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran)

The Journal of Mental Health Training, Education and Practice

ISSN: 1755-6228

Article publication date: 27 June 2019

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to evaluate the effect of the planned pre-electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) family teaching on depression, anxiety and stress of caregivers of patients with mental disorders receiving ECT.

Design/methodology/approach

In this quasi-experimental study, 130 participants were randomized allocated into intervention or control groups. The planned family teaching program consisted of four 90 min sessions held during four weeks. Assessments occurred at pre-intervention (one week before the first session), and post-intervention (one months after the four session). Data were collected using demographic questionnaire and Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale (DASS-21). Mean comparisons were performed using Student’s t-test while effect sizes were estimated by Cohen’s d coefficient. The significance level was considered less than 0.05.

Findings

The mean scores of the depression, anxiety and stress levels in the intervention group were significantly reduced compared to the control group (p=0.001).

Originality/value

The family pre-ECT teaching intervention and counseling decreased the depression, anxiety and stress level of family caregivers of patients with mental disorders receiving ECT and the maintenance of other favorable conditions at baseline. These results suggest that even a short-term educational intervention for family members of patients received ECT can improve emotional outcomes of treatment in the family.

Keywords

Acknowledgements

The authors would like to thank the Research and Technology Vice-Chancellor of Hamadan University of Medical Sciences in Hamadan/Iran for their active support to the project.

Citation

Shamsaei, F., Kazemian, H., Cheraghi, F. and Farhadian, M. (2019), "The effect of family teaching on depression, anxiety and stress in caregivers of patients received electroconvulsive therapy", The Journal of Mental Health Training, Education and Practice, Vol. 14 No. 4, pp. 289-296. https://doi.org/10.1108/JMHTEP-10-2018-0061

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2019, Emerald Publishing Limited