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Psychometric evaluation of the Perinatal Illness Perceptions Scale (PIPS)

Julie Jomeen (Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Hull, Hull, UK)
Colin Robert Martin (Institute of Clinical and Applied Health Research, University of Hull, Hull, UK)
Patricia Mary Jarrett (Freelance Health Researcher based in London, UK)

The Journal of Mental Health Training, Education and Practice

ISSN: 1755-6228

Article publication date: 19 December 2018

Issue publication date: 20 March 2019




Perinatal mental health (PMH) is acknowledged as a significant public health issue associated with significant personal, family, social and economic burden. Research demonstrates that healthcare practitioners lack knowledge and confidence in this area but there is likely to be a complexity of factors that may influence practitioner behaviours, including negative attitudes towards people with mental health and inaccurate illness perceptions. The purpose of this paper is to evaluate the psychometric properties of the Perinatal Illness Perceptions Scale (PIPS), a conceptual derivation of the Illness Perception Questionnaire – Revised.


A cross-sectional and exploratory instrument development design, using exploratory factor analysis, was employed.


The scale demonstrated good psychometric properties revealing three sub-scales: causes, consequences (mother); consequences (baby).


The findings implicate the PIPS as the first robust psychometric measure, which can be used to in the assessment of practitioner knowledge of the causes and consequences of PMH. The PIPS could offer the opportunity to assess these domains within both educational and training context and identify practitioner attitudes which may affect clinical decision making and referral decisions.



Jomeen, J., Martin, C.R. and Jarrett, P.M. (2019), "Psychometric evaluation of the Perinatal Illness Perceptions Scale (PIPS)", The Journal of Mental Health Training, Education and Practice, Vol. 14 No. 2, pp. 74-85.



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